Hacker season comes but once a year

It's that time of year, the 20th of November, typically known in the retail trade as 'Black Friday' has come and gone. Hackers are now in full swing, tempting and luring us into parting with our cash and identity for an empty promise. Black Friday, known among the retail trade as the start of the holiday shopping season is also the start of the Hacker's busiest period. This year, the biggest concern among technology experts is web-borne malware.

Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, is followed in marketing lingo by Cyber Monday. Both are big days for retailers and online fraudsters. Consumers should watch out for e-mails advertising incredible deals that seem too good to be true.

Emails purporting to be from Ebay, Amazon or other Specialist E-tailors hide the true website addresses that you are directed to visit through clickable links. Another trick is to send out (blast) emails to innocent internet users, advertising a hot product for far less than normal retailers. This years hot products will, in our opinion be electronic goods like the Nintendo Wii and quite possibly the Amazon Kindle, both of which look set to be sold out!

Reports indicate that this year fraud losses due to e-commerce will top the 3 and a half billion dollar mark. This is predominantly due to an increase in online users and those looking for hot deals on the web. It's also important to remember that websites at the top of Google, Yahoo or MSN may not be the safest domains. Tactics are widely used to get top rankings and the search engines don't vet websites for authenticity! Basically, buyer beware. If there isn't a phone number or valid trading address on the website, don't buy from it.

Computer internet security

Computer and Internet Security Issues that you Should Know

Using your computer and a reliable Internet connection can be the best combination for an ideal business opportunity. You don’t need raise too much capital for your business venture. With just a reliable Internet connection and computer system (which, because of wide availability and usage, become cheaper), you will be able to start your business right away and earn hundreds to thousands of dollars every month, depending on the online business opportunity that you would prefer.

However, you must be aware of the miscalculations that you can commit along your online business venture, especially when you forget to prioritize the protection of your computer system from unauthorized use and data theft. Contrary to the popular belief that a small-size Internet business will make them safe from data hackers and online intruders, there is also a great risk and danger involved once you neglect to protect your computer system, especially the hacking and computer destruction activities that are increasing significantly as the Internet evolves over the years. Most small-time Internet entrepreneurs are blinded by the fact that they are not exempted from these notorious data thieves, which is not true nowadays.

According to a research conducted by AMI-Partners, almost 50 percent of small and medium-sized online businesses failed to execute even the most basic security protection, which includes the installation of anti-spyware and anti-virus programs to their computer systems. This is one of the main reasons why the Mydoom worm triumphed, affecting one out of three small and medium-sized online businesses compared to one out of six large Internet companies. This was also discovered by the ISA or the Internet Security Alliance, a non-profit organization that handles information security issues. In other words, we can conclude that even small online businesses are more vulnerable to online threats of data theft and electronic sabotage.

In fact, every small online business owner must give data and network protection more attention due to the sophistication of data thieves. These thieves have now one of the advanced software programs and hardware necessary to break into the security measures implemented by data mangers. It would be a great waste of time and financial resources if your computer is left unguarded against these advanced data thieves and online hackers. You are on the verge of losing everything—including your computer, which is also a valuable investment.

Thus, it is important that you should consider data security and encryption as one of your top priorities. Keep in mind that your computer system is always vulnerable to this kind of attacks, even if you are just starting up. In fact, big businesses have more chances to recover compared to small business since big business have necessary funds available to recover from mishap. On the other hand, your small business has meager funds to start with your business—and an attack will be catastrophic for your small business.

There are hundreds of software providers that came up with latest solutions to guarantee the safety of your computer system. In addition, there are also Internet security services to guarantee protection of your online data against Internet hackers. By incorporating high level of encryption technology, hackers will have a hard time intercepting the data being stored in your computer system or while it is transmitted to a certain network of computer systems.

Always explore your options. Prioritize what is important and avoid getting caught by a catastrophic incident that will shut down your small business at an instant.

What you have been dying to know about fraud

Since the inception of the information technology and the technological advancement of the marketing industry, many people are engaging into fraudulent activities. This is because they are able to gain financial gains and advantages to people through easier and faster means.

For this reason, authorities had been trying to suppress the growing trend of various frauds that are currently affecting thousands, if not millions of people.

Basically, fraud is a kind of trickery that is used for the individual’s benefits, mostly on the financial aspect. These kinds of frauds are absolutely punishable by law, though, its implementation and intensity may vary from one place to another.

In Criminal Law

In the context of criminal law, a fraud is absolutely punishable under certain circumstances that will constitute the deception of a certain individual from which personal gain of the fraudulent person is achieved.

Some of the common frauds that are abhorred by the law are:

1. False advertising

This refers to the achievement of some personal gains of the person concerned by give the wrong impression about a particular service, product, or a business. This can be executed by providing deceptive information projected in unreliable forms of advertisements.

2. Identity theft

In the credit card industry, identity theft is the common type of fraud. This is when the identity of the credit card user is stolen for the personal benefit of the person who wants to gain some financial access to the user’s finances.

There are instances that the criminal may use the identity of the credit card user to make some purchases, in which, the victim’s credit card is used. In turn, the victim will receive billing statements containing such purchases that he or she did not personally created.

There are also some cases wherein the identity of the victim is used to create some crimes, in which, after establishing such acts, they contact the person and blackmail him by asking some money in exchange of eliminating any criminal acts that were constituted through his name.

3. Forgery

This is also one type of frauds where the documents are obtained and processed with the purpose of using them to deceive other people or institution.

In this process, the person who ant to deceive other people will obtain documents that are fake, reproduced, replicas, or explicit reproductions of the original material. There are also some documents that may be originally done but the signatures that should have signified the authenticity of the document is forged.

The very concept of this kind of fraud is to modify an object to suit the personal gains of the offender.

4. False billing

This refers to the fraudulent undertaking of charging or creating billing statements to a particular person or an institution. Here, the criminals will extract money from these people, in which, the concerned person will think that it is part of his or her subscription on a certain company.

In this way, people may be deceived that they have been issued some renewal of their subscriptions, for example, but in reality, the true owner of such establishment that issues subscriptions are not aware of it.

5. Insurance claims

These refers to the act of deceiving the insurance provider under the guise of claiming the due claims and benefits.

For instance, there are some people who create “fake deaths” in order to claim the insurance benefits provided by the individual’s insurance provider.

These are just some of the many examples of frauds. All of which are punishable under the law.

Hence, if you think that you have been victimized based on the examples given, it is best to take some actions properly, otherwise, you will be left hanging on the brink of disaster.

Don t be bugged - get bug detectors

You are walking along, sweeping back and forth, area after area, searching. You are continuing searching when suddenly a sound begins to click, faster and faster. Is it a Geiger counter? No, it is your bug detector. That is right. If you suspect that someone is listening in on your private conversations, strategic development meetings, covert operations, or whatever your reason for secrecy might be, you can stop it instantly and for good with bug detectors.

These handy devices promise you peace of mind and are capable of detecting, locating, and verifying hidden transmitters regardless of where they might be. These work not just in your office or home, or only on your telephone, but even in or on your car.

You may be asking yourself what the difference is between detecting and verifying a hidden transmitter. Obviously, if you detect and locate a bug, you are verifying that you are being bugged, right? Well, verifying in this instance means something else entirely. Let us say that you are sweeping for bugs and the bug detectors you are using begin to squeal or vibrate, telling you that a bug is present. There is a possibility that what it is picking up is not a bug but an ordinary television or radio transmission.

You could drive yourself nuts trying to find a non-existent bug you believe is planted somewhere on your television or radio. But since you are also able to verify with your bug detectors, you will then know that it is not a bug but just a regular, non-threatening transmission.

5 security considerations when coding

1. Input Checking

Always check user input to be sure that it is what you expected. Make sure it doesn’t contain characters or other data which may be treated in a special way by your program or any programs called by your program. This often involves checking for characters such as quotes, and checking for unusual input characters such as non-alphanumeric characters where a text string is expected. Often, these are a sign of an attack of some kind being attempted.

2.Range Checking

Always check the ranges when copying data, allocating memory or performing any operation which could potentially overflow. Some programming languages provide range-checked container access (such as the std::vector::at() in C++, but many programmers insist on using the unchecked array index [] notation. In addition, the use of functions such as strcpy() should be avoided in preference to strncpy(), which allows you to specify the maximum number of characters to copy. Similar versions of functions such as snprintf() as opposed to sprintf() and fgets() instead of gets() provide equivalent length-of-buffer specification. The use of such functions throughout your code should prevent buffer overflows. Even if your character string originates within the program, and you think you can get away with strcpy() because you know the length of the string, that doesn’t mean to say that you, or someone else, won’t change things in the future and allow the string to be specified in a configuration file, on the command-line, or from direct user input. Getting into the habit of range-checking everything should prevent a large number of security vulnerabilities in your software.

3.Principle Of Least Privileges

This is especially important if your program runs as root for any part of its runtime. Where possible, a program should drop any privileges it doesn’t need, and use the higher privileges for only those operations which require them. An example of this is the Postfix mailserver, which has a modular design allowing parts which require root privileges to be run distinctly from parts which do not. This form of privilege separation reduces the number of attack paths which lead to root privileges, and increases the security of the entire system because those few paths that remain can be analysed critically for security problems.

4.Don’t Race

A race condition is a situation where a program performs an operation in several steps, and an attacker has the chance to catch it between steps and alter the system state. An example would be a program which checks file permissions, then opens the file. Between the permission check the stat() call and the file open the fopen() call an attacker could change the file being opened by renaming another file to the original files name. In order to prevent this, fopen() the file first, and then use fstat(), which takes a file descriptor instead of a filename. Since a file descriptor always points to the file that was opened with fopen(), even if the filename is subsequently changed, the fstat() call will be guaranteed to be checking the permissions of the same file. Many other race conditions exist, and there are often ways to prevent them by carefully choosing the order of execution of certain functions.

5.Register Error Handlers

Many languages support the concept of a function which can be called when an error is detected, or the more flexible concept of exceptions. Make use of these to catch unexpected conditions and return to a safe point in the code, instead of blindly progressing in the hope that the user input won’t crash the program, or worse!

Norton internet security 2004

Norton Internet Security 2004: Giving You the Protection You Need

The internet today is filled with malicious programs that can eventually destroy your computer files or let some stranger take a look at your files and copy it without you knowing about it. These malicious programs are very dangerous programs because you will be letting someone in and take a look at all your personal information in your computer and use it against you by committing a very serious crime called identity theft.

They will be able to use your personal and financial information that you store in your computer to steal from you. You can even compare it to letting someone in your house and install surveillance equipments without you even knowing about it. It would also be like giving away your credit card to a stranger without even knowing you gave away your credit card information.

This thought can make anyone using the internet cringe and leave them sleepless at night thinking about how secure the transactions were when you were using the internet to purchase your groceries.

Because of this, you will need a program or software to protect yourself from the growing threats of viruses, worms, and other malicious software circulating the internet today. It is a fact that more and more malwares are being developed and being released everyday in the internet. This is why you need to take the necessary steps in making your computer safe from these new kinds of threats.

You have to remember that the internet is meant to be fun. It is meant to connect people from all over the world in a single community. It shouldn’t be something that you should fear every time you open your email or every time you download something in the internet. This is why you need an internet security program to protect you from these malwares and give you some peace of mind when surfing the internet and not worry about things like hackers, spywares, viruses and other malicious software anymore.

The Norton Internet Security 2004 is one of the best internet security software ever developed. It provides great protection against malicious software and other features that will allow you to surf the internet without even worrying about the threats in the internet.

With the Norton Internet Security 2004, you will have more confidence in surfing the web. You will enjoy emailing your friends and family, or download different files over the internet with the thought of your computer secured from the virus and other malicious software threats circulating the internet today.

Although there are newer versions of Norton Internet Security, the Norton Internet Security 2004 is a proven program that is sure to protect you with the different new threats popping out in the internet in a daily basis. You should consider that your computer should never be without the Norton Internet Security 2004 edition.

The Norton Internet Security 2004 from Symantec is integrated with different programs that will protect you from the latest viruses popping out the internet, from hackers, from spywares, from adwares, from spam emails, from phishing emails and other malicious software existing in the internet today. It also offers real-time updates for the software to provide you better protection for your computer by updating virus and other malicious software definitions.

With Norton Internet Security 2004, you will be providing shield for your computer when accessing the internet. It will effectively protect your computer against the different malicious software in the internet today.

Identity theft s young victims how to protect your children s identities

When we think of identity theft, children are probably not the first victims we might imagine. Unfortunately, more and more kids are being targeted for this crime, and the culprits may not be who you think. Right now, approximately 4% of all identity theft cases involve children, which means roughly 400,000 kids a year are having their futures ruined without their knowledge. 1

In an article on MSNBC. com, a 24-year old man explained that by the age of 10, his identity had been used to accumulate almost $250,000 in debt and to commit a felony. Another victim, a 9-year old boy, received a collection notice for a $2,000 debt.

Unlike most identity theft victims, however, these two individuals know exactly who was responsible for committing this crime: their fathers. According to the article, almost two-thirds of all child-related identity theft cases are committed by family members.

A child becomes a victim, in most cases, because someone else uses their social security number and name to open a credit card or to have utilities turned on. While the information can be used in other ways, those are two of the most common. And, because children aren't interested in their credit history until they turn 18 or older, most never even realize the crime has been committed until years after the theft started.

There are some ways to protect your child against potential identity theft:

Keep their social security number locked up in a secure location – If criminals don't have access to your child's social security number, they can't steal it. Never carry their card in your purse or wallet where it could easily be lost or stolen. Never share the number with another family member or anyone else who does not have a professional need to know.

Ask to not have their SSN listed on insurance cards – Many insurance companies list social security numbers on their cards. If yours does, then contact them and ask to use a different number.

Do not allow your child to know his or her SSN until its necessary – Young children have no reason to know their social security numbers or to have access to their SSN card. Keep those documents safe and private until your child needs them. Children are often tempted to reveal more than they should to friends, family members, even strangers.

Check their credit report – While a yearly check of their report may not be necessary unless you suspect a problem, it's a good idea to periodically check your child's credit reports for activity. Your child shouldn't have anything listed at all, but if anything does show up contact the credit bureau and the listed creditors immediately.

Additionally, if you are a parent you should NEVER use your child's social security number fraudulently. Not only are you committing a crime, but you are also making your child's life more difficult. Furthermore, if you know or suspect that someone is wrongly using their child's personal information, then you should contact the authorities. Don't sit idly by while they ruin that child's future.

If you want more information on preventing, detecting, or rectifying identity theft problems for children and adults, then you need to read Identity Theft: A Resource Guide from PCSecurityNews. com. The ebook is available at http://www. pcsecuritynews. com/identity_theft. html

1. Novotny, Monica. “Robbing the Cradle.” Countdown with Keith Olberman. MSNBC. com

Free internet security

Getting Free Internet Security for Your Computer

Surfing the Internet nowadays can be very dangerous. With all the viruses, spywares, adwares, identity thieves and hackers circulating for surfers to victimize, opening and downloading an attachment sent by your friend can be very scary.

This is why Internet security is a necessity in all computers to prevent yourself from getting victimized by people who wants to steal from you or from viruses programmed to destroy your important files.

Without protection, it would be like leaving the keys to your front door visible and letting anyone in and install spy cameras around your house without you even knowing about it. The same applies to your computer. Since all your files today are stored in your computer, such as financial and personal information, you wouldn’t want to let anyone take a peek in your computer.

While it is true that the internet can provide you with a lot of benefits, it is also a fact that the internet is also abused by certain people looking for a way to destroy your computer or steal from you by using your financial and personal information. This is why it is important for you to download Internet security software to enable you to put a lock in your computer and prevent different malicious programs and people from entering and gaining access to your computer.

Today, there is quite a number of software that offers Internet security available for download in the Internet. However, most of these software programs are for sale and you need to pay for it in order to get the full version of the program.

There are quite a few numbers of Internet security programs that are free. However, most of these programs are only in demo version and it has a specific trial period on how long you will be able to use the program. After the trial period expires, you will have to pay for the software program in order to continuously use it to protect your computer.

There are also free Internet security programs that offer unlimited uses. However, most of these programs only offer little features and minimum security for your computer. Usually, these programs only have a limited amount of virus definitions installed and are not able to block new viruses effectively.

Free Internet security programs can also be useful. It can serve as a temporary security program for your computer while you look for a different Internet security program to install in your computer.

So, if you still don’t have an internet security program installed in your computer or is still trying to find the best kind of internet security program, you can always download free versions of these programs to get you some protection for your computer. With this, you can be at least confident when you are surfing the Internet.

Always remember that free Internet security programs should only serve as a temporary fix until you find a good Internet security program to install in your computer.

Once you find a good Internet security program, you can always uninstall the free Internet security program and install your preferred Internet security program that offers maximum protection from viruses, malware, spyware, hackers and identity thieves.

So, if you are still looking for a program that offers complete protection from malicious software programs but you want to surf the Internet, this doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to surf the Internet naked. Try and install free versions of Internet security programs to at least give you some protection.

Don t get caught by a phishing scheme

You receive an email from your bank warning you that your account information needs to be updated urgently or else it will be suspended. In a panic, you click on the link in the email and are brought to your bank's web site. Without giving it a second thought, you enter your user name and password to access your account online. In that moment, you have just handed an unknown criminal the keys to your banking account. You've been the victim of a phishing1 scheme.

Phishing has become one of the most common methods of electronically stealing people's identities. During the period between May 2004 and May 2005, over 1.2 million individuals were victims of these attacks and have lost approximately $929 million. Clearly, phishing is a big problem, but the question is how can you protect yourself from being reeled in?

One way is to increase your suspicion. The emails and web sites used in these phishing schemes are often remarkably accurate in appearance and tone to the real thing. That can make it difficult for you to recognize a fraud. However, there are a couple of things that can alert you to danger.

First, check how the email is addressed. Does it say “Dear Paypal Customer” or does it include your name? Legitimate emails from these companies will use your name in the salutation. If the email begins with a generic salutation that could have been sent to anyone, then you should think twice before following any links in the email.

Second, consider what the email is saying. Phishing schemes frequently use scare tactics, such as telling you that your account is being suspended, to make you act quickly and without thinking. Don't fall into their trap! If you receive an email stating that some problem exists with your account, contact the organization by email or, preferably, by phone to check the status for yourself.

Finally, never click on a link in the email. These links will redirect you to the attackers' web site. Instead, go to the organization's web site on your own. For example, if you received an email supposedly from Ebay about your account, you would type www. ebay. com into your browser instead of using the link. That way you can check the status of your account safely because you'll know you are at the right location.

Of course, phishing is only one method of stealing your identity. If you want to learn how to protect yourself from phishing and other methods or if you've been a victim of identity theft and need to know what steps to take now, you need to read Identity Theft: A Resource Guide from PCSecurityNews. com. The ebook is available at http://www. PCSecurityNews. com.

Top 10 ways to protect yourself from online identity theft

Identity theft is becoming a bigger problem as more and more people are making the internet a bigger part of their lives. People who are new to the online medium often fall prey to ‘phishing’ or other internet identity theft schemes. In many cases the ‘phishing party’ uses your credit card to order goods for them selves, in other cases they will apply for credit cards, set up bank accounts, and take advantage of your good credit rating. Correcting these issues involves a lot of time energy and stress, so here are ten tips to help you from becoming a victim of identity theft.

Use a disposable email account. Keep your business or personal email account just for business or personal communication. If you are going to be making purchases online, joining newsgroups, or subscribing to mailing lists and ezines use a disposable email account. There are many online free accounts such as yahoo, hotmail or grail, and most of them can interface with popular email clients like outlook or outlook express. Use one of them for all of your shopping transactions.

Disguise your online identity. If your real name in Mary Smith try to avoid using email accounts with name like [email protected] com when dealing with people you don’t know and trust. If you were born in 1972 don’t chose [email protected] com as your email account.

Use different level passwords. Use one password for your personal information, use another for your business accounts and a third for your disposable email accounts or mailing lists you sign up for. Don’t use sequential passwords like password1 for personal use password2 for business, and password 3 for disposable accounts.

Use strong passwords. Don’t use your birthdates, year you were married, or your children’s birthdates. Avoid choosing passwords that consist entirely of letters or numbers. Also try to avoid using passwords that are actual words. The best passwords are mnemonic phrases like “my father ate three apples for breakfast”. Take the first letter of each word and convert the number into numbers and you end up with “mfa3a4b”.

Rotate your passwords. You should change your passwords every 6 to 12 months. If you suspect your passwords have been compromised change them as a safety precaution.

Use only one credit card for all of your online purchases. If any of your other credit cards have online transactions you know they are fraudulent. If you see offline purchases for your online credit card you also know they are fraudulent.

Use credit cards instead of debit cards. While many debit cards now offer online purchase protection it’s easier to dispute fraudulent charges than to recover debit card funds that have already been spent.

When you make purchases online make sure your transactions are secure. In the address bar you should see “https” and not “http”. There should also be small lock icon in your browser. If this is your first purchase from the company make sure the issuing company is someone you have heard of like Verisign, or Thawte.

Check a company’s privacy policy. When you make your first transaction make sure your check the privacy policy, look for logos from consumer groups like Trust-E and the better business bureau. Click the logos to make sure they are authentic.

Never open or fill out email requests for you to update you account or credit card settings via email. These are ‘phishing’ scams people use to try and secure your personal information. Many of them are growing increasingly sophisticated and go to great lengths to look exactly like the companies website using their exact logo.

© Computers.6ln. com, All Rights Reserved.

How to check your credit report for evidence of identity theft

Imagine finding the home of your dreams. It's the perfect location, the perfect style, even the perfect price. Excitedly, you start the loan application process. You know this part of the process will be easy since you've always paid your bills on time and only have one credit card which you pay off every month in full. To your surprise, however, your application is refused because multiple credit cards have been taken out in your name, maxed out, and never paid. Your credit is ruined, and your dream home will never be a reality thanks to an identity thief.

This scenario may be hypothetical, but similar situations happen to people all over the country daily. Many people are victims of identity theft and don't even realize it until they need to use their credit for something, such as buying a car or a home. However, it doesn't have to be that way. If you check your credit reports yearly, you can make sure that no unauthorized activities are ruining your credit.

Now that you can receive a copy of your credit report free, the only possible excuse for not monitoring it is that you can't understand how to read it and that's what we're going to discuss now.

The credit report is divided into four parts. The first part contains your personal information, such as name, social security number, and employer. You may want to check over this part for mistakes, but if you're interested in catching identity theft activity you won't find the evidence here.

Instead, one of your focuses should be on the second part of the report. This is your credit history, which includes a list of all your creditors. For each account, you'll find the date the account opened, the type of account it is, the amount the account was originally for, the amount still owed, the amount of the payments, the status of the account, and your payment history. Go over each entry in this section of your report carefully. If you find any accounts which you do not remember opening, make note of them. If any information, such as amount owed, on the accounts does not match your expectations, then make a note of that also.

Once you've reviewed the credit history portion, you'll find the public records section. Again, this probably won't be of much use to you if you're tracking down identity theft evidence because it includes liens, bankruptcies, etc. However, do make sure the information in this section is accurate. Some lenders believe that almost 80% of all credit reports do contain some types of errors and since this section is important you want it to be accurate.

The last section – the Inquiry section – should also be evaluated carefully. You see, each time you or a potential creditor checks your credit report, a note of that inquiry is made in this section. Victims of identity theft are likely to see a number of inquiries, which he or she cannot account for. Now do keep in mind that there are two types of inquiries reported in this section. The “soft” inquiries, as they are called, refer to inquiries made by potential creditors that you did not request. For example, a credit card company may check your credit history before sending you an offer for a gold card. The “hard” inquiries are the ones you need to be interested in because these are the inquires that you supposedly requested. If there's anything on that report you don't agree with, then make a note of it.

Once you have checked your report, contact the credit bureau and the creditors about any mistakes or discrepancies you notice. If you think you've been a victim of identity theft and need to know what steps to take next or if you want more suggestions on how not to become a victim, you need to read Identity Theft: A Resource Guide from PCSecurityNews. com. The ebook is available at http://www. PCSecurityNews. com.

Instant messaging and p2p vulnerabilities for health organizations

: Because of HIPAA legislation, health organizations have to be particularly careful about the vulnerability of the patient data they maintain. Exposing patient data to the Internet through IM exchanges or P2P file sharing can jeopardize their compliance with a variety of state and federal regulations. The popularity of IM and P2P protocols has penetrated every aspect of our society including those organizations entrusted with sensitive data such as health records. The opportunity for data to be exposed to eyes outside an organization has increased whether such exposure is intentional or not and organizations bound by HIPAA regulations are required to protect their patient data or suffer the consequences. Often in hospital situations, employees on different shifts are sharing workstations. Many of them may be communicating with family and friends, outside the organization, via Instant Messaging or P2P and can unknowingly download a malicious agent that can damage not only individual workstations, but entire networks. Because many people may have access to the same computer, this activity is difficult to trace and can occur with alarming ease. When a malicious program is downloaded, it can exploit a back door in the system and proliferate across the network. Depending on the nature of the parasitic code, patient information may be accessed and transmitted from behind the firewall to a designated IP address or it may launch an attack against the host network. These types of attacks can bring the network down. Even short downtime can cause significant financial and data loss. Public Communications Adding more complexity to the situation, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the National Association of Securities Dealers Inc. (NASD) identify Instant Messaging traffic as communications with the public that companies must save and monitor. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires even those instant messages that are casual and personal to be saved and recorded as formal correspondence. Many companies capture and store the data as required by law. Because this information can be used as legal evidence, there are several instances where data contained on message boards and via IMs were submitted to support or defeat a case being adjudicated. Imagine if medical advice were contained in an IM, even something as innocuous as advising Tylenol for a feverish child. Such correspondence could be used to make a medical malpractice case against a nurse or physician. Network Security IM and P2P also expose end-user equipment to worms, viruses and other backdoor software that - once introduced, can infect a network and inflict damage on a wide scale. Employee abuse of their computer privileges can be the silent destroyer of networks. Whether it is a dramatic problem such as denial of service or the downloading of backdoor worms and viruses, the misuse can be dangerous and damaging and ultimately undermines network security. Managers of network security need to take advantage of hardware appliance solutions in order to fully protect their networks from employee abuse and misuse. The damage to productivity and profits of a company are only the tip of the iceberg. Introducing a filtering option that does not have a single point of failure, or cause latency in network traffic is critical. Equally important, a solution that doesn’t need to share memory or processing power with another device is the best choice to protect networks against security breaches and legal liability and to help preserve the corporation’s good reputation. Legal Liabilities P2P and IM file sharing can be dangerous applications that quickly devour bandwidth and jeopardize company finances because companies can be held liable for employee actions such as downloading copyrighted song material. In addition, P2P and IMs can contain malicious software that downloads and installs itself into the host network; a company’s computers and networks may be used to launch denial of service (DoS) attacks on other companies and networks. There is an established legal precedent that will hold a company liable in part for the damages inflicted on another company if their computers or networks were used to stage the attack. Because of this legal precedent, the danger to a host network is not just the loss of bandwidth and subsequent breakdown in communications, but also the legal liabilities involved can result in damage to a company or organization’s reputation, and even threaten its financial stability. It’s important to note that the damage to an organization’s reputation can be more costly in the long run, especially if the organization is supposed to be secure and web savvy or if security vulnerabilities can threaten to expose sensitive data such as health records. For hospitals, health insurance and dedicated health care providers, such damage can result in a loss of business over time that devastates their long term prospects and when combined with - short term fines, can even mean going out of business or experiencing a takeover by another health care company.

Where spyware lurks on the internet

Spyware has to be the most talked about PC security threat of 2005. It has now surpassed the computer virus as the No. 1 menace to computer user both at home and in the enterprise. Despite efforts from Microsoft and independent security software companies, the spyware menace is set to continue through 2006 and beyond. The research firm Radicati Group expect worldwide anti-spyware revenue to surpass $1 billion by 2010.

There are numerous types of spyware with some more dangerous than others. At one end of the spectrum spyware pushes annoying ads to your computer as is usually referred as “Adware.” It is still spyware as the ads are generally pushed to you based on your surfing habits. A bad infection can also dramatically impact your computer’s performance as your desktop slowly gets overwhelmed with pop up adverts.

At the other end of the spectrum spyware programs can record what you do on your computer including individual key strokes. This information is then shared with a third party. This data is then sold to marketing companies or used to profit from. For example, the program may have captured your bank log-in details or credit card information.

Profit from these activities drives spyware development and deployment. According to anti-spyware vendor Webroot Inc advertising revenue generated from spyware is much more lucrative than trying to generate profit through Spam Email.

Here are the common ways spyware gets onto your computer:

• Bundled with free software like screensavers or P2P file sharing programs which you download. For example Kazaa, a P2P file-sharing application, installs adware onto a user’s computer even though it claims to contain “no spyware.” Waterfalls 3 from Screensaver. com installs spyware and Trojan horses. Examples are courtesy of a report from StopBadware. org’s website.

• Opening Spam email attachments.

• Being enticed into clicking on links in pop up adverts which then downloads spyware. These pop ups usually display messages to do with winning money or entering a special prize drawer.

• “Drive-by downloading” – this is when spyware is automatically downloaded onto your computer from the website you are surfing.

Earlier this year a report published by the University of Washington revealed categories of websites which are mostly like to host spyware or infect users through “drive-by downloads.” Their research revealed the following categories:

• Gaming sites

• Music download sites (I interpret this to mean “illegal” music sharing sites like dailymp3.com or where you can find P2P applications)

• Adult sites

• Celebrity sites

• Wallpaper / screensaver sites

Here are some tips and strategies to reduce the chance of spyware infection:

• Switch on your browser’s pop blocker.

• Install an anti-spyware tool with active protection which helps prevent infection in the first place.

• Keep Windows and other Microsoft applications like office up to date with the latest patches.

• Use SiteAdvisor (http://www. siteadvisor. com). This is a free plug-in for your browser which tells you whether a site is safe or not based on their testing. This is new software which is highly recommended.

• If you are a frequent visitor of the high risk categories please consider changing your surfing habits or at least making sure your system is fully protected.

Phishing is fraud

Phishing is a very sneaky type of fraud conducted over the Internet. Its name is a throw back to the early days of hacking and identity theft and the practice of phone phreaking. While there can be very complicated schemes devised, they are all based on a very simple concept.

Phishers try to persuade you, or trick you into giving them sensitive information which they can then use to make money out of the system. For example, one very attractive target for phishers would be your paypal account. Paypal is an online payment system that allows you to put money in your account with your credit or debit card, and then basically email the money to other people’s paypal accounts. It is very simple, cheap and fast and very popular for online shoppers as they do not have to give their credit card details away over the internet.

If you wanted to take money out of other people’s paypal accounts, all you would really need is their email address and password. Then you sign in to their account, and send the money to an account you have set up.

What phishers will do is email paypal customers with an email that looks like an official email from paypal. It will have the paypal logo and format and will look exactly like official paypal emails to customers. It may even come from an address that looks like paypal’s official website. It will go on to say it is a random security check or some other technical procedure and that you are required to type in your user name and password. It will then thank you and say the check or whatever other scheme it claims to be is complete. In the meantime, the phisher will have your password and can clear out your account.

While this is a basic example, there are countless variations of increasing complexity that will be used to try and entice customers to give out bank account details, credit card details or other sensitive information. It can often be next to impossible for the average customer to detect that the email or website is not the official one of the company it is supposed to be from and they are therefore very dangerous.

If you do suspect that an email you receive is a phishing attempt then notify the appropriate company immediately. The other thing to remember is that most banks, credit card companies and other institutions now inform their customers that they will never ask their customers for their passwords in an email, nor will any of their employees ever ask for a password and therefore never give it to anyone who asks you for it.

Great balls of firewall

Firewalls seem to be in fashion currently. For those unfamiliar with what a firewall is, It pretty much is a program that sits between you and the outside world - think of a toll booth that stands at the edge between your world and the digital world. There are many different producers of firewalls from companies like Linksys, D-Link, Netgear, and many others.

Actually if you are familiar with Windows XP, there is a free firewall program that you can use to furnish a basic protection between you and your network. If you prefer more advanced solutions you can do a search for free firewall programs on the net or purchase one.

It's billed as the one-stop solution to prevent hackers and unauthorized access by intruders (both human and bot generated). However firewalls are not unassailable.

A passably intelligent hacker could hijack you firewall and make it execute in ways that are not to your profit. There are online testing services that are either free or charge a token fee that will help you check to see if your firewall is working or not, or whether it has been compromised.

You may have also found that a firewall will not always work nicely with your other programs, such as antivirus and anti spyware related software. This usually can be adjusted within the firewall program, where you can configure which programs and services on your computer are allowed to travel back and forth between you and the network.

If you're not familiar with a firewall at the moment, don't worry. Most of the offerings on the market are easy to install and setup. However the one little nuisance may be that in the setting about, every time you open a new program the firewall may give you a pop-up box that asks how you want to configure access for it.

Beyond that it's not big deal, works like a charm. So if you haven't configured a firewall for your computer or network, then it may be about time you did so.

Safe and secure online payments with ssl certificates

The seamless world of the Internet has broken open the physical barriers that existed across regions on the Globe. Today, therefore, you could be sitting in Munich and buying goodies from Seoul. Very convenient, and thrilling. But, when you pay for your goodies and swipe you’re Credit Card, are you sure, you are paying only for what you paid for? Chances are your Credit Card Information traverses through alien territory into the wrong pair of hands. The result, the next morning, you will find your Bank account eroded or emptied? Not a situation that most of us can afford or enjoy.

How do we then transact on the Internet and yet safeguard our hard earned monies from those Electronic pirates? The answer is relatively simple. Every time you choose to buy product or services through web-sites, before entering your Credit Card and other personal information look for information on whether the payment gateway is secured. Informed customers would always prefer to transact their business through secure sites and this will automatically bring in more business to Websites secured through SSL certificates from well known providers.

Payment gateways are secured through SSL or Secured Socket Layer. When you enter your personal and or Credit Card information into a secure site, an encrypted public key is created. This is termed as a handshake to authenticate safe transaction. The unique encryption method which gets established in the process will have a unique session key. This process protects theft of valuable data and only the transaction that you intend to complete is processed.

SSL certification has been found to be very reliable across, Internet users and also among the customers. These certificates are issued by a reliable and trusted authority, the Certificate Authority. The web-site through which you are attempting to transact business carries signs of the agency which has issued the SSL certificates. There are other similar agencies too, which offer these SSL certifications. When you click on the sign, the details of the certifying agency are displayed.

When you click on such secured domains, your system generates a SSL handshake which is accessed by the web-site server. The unique encryption method employed then allows a secure transaction to go through.

Why all this bother?

When you are transacting valuable business or even sending across precious data, it is necessary to route them through secure servers which have the seal of security such as an SSL certificate. In the absence of this Security, it would compare with sending a snail mail in a transparent envelope.

For E-Commerce and other Web-site owners, the SSL certification acts as a stamp of credibility and assurance of safety to their valuable customers.

For the Service Providers and other Vendors/Merchants in the Internet world, exhibiting their site security sign – a reputed one at that, not only assures the customer that the information he parts with will be securely handled, but also separates them from the crowd. Informed customers would always prefer to transact their business through secure sites and this will automatically bring in more business to Websites secured through SSL certificates from well known providers.

Top ten online shopping security tips

Every year billions of dollars are spent by consumers on line; and as the trend is growing rapidly, shopping security is still the number one factor in which a person may choose not to buy from a website.

This is particularly true if you are new to the internet or starting to buy on-line for the first time.

Shopping security has always been a touchy subject and is so important that most reliable companies go to a great deal of trouble to protect their customers rights, privacy and security.

So can people feel safe when shopping on-line?

The answer to this is yes, if shoppers follow simple guidelines. If you are new to the Internet or a regular shopper online, the following guidelines should apply.

1. Make sure you know the exchange rate; if you are not sure of the current rates, find out before you buy an item.

2. Find out the cost of delivery before placing your order and how long the delivery will take. Most shopping sites use couriers to deliver the goods and when delivering overseas can become quite expensive.

3. If you are bidding on E-bay check out the buyers and sellers feedback. This should become standard before you ever place a bid.

4. Always read the FAQ section if you are new to the site.

5. If someone demands cash for a payment, ‘say no‘. Use your credit card to make your payment; this will protect you against fraud. Credit card companies refund accounts where fraudulent activity transpires.

6. Check the buyers contact page. Make sure their postal address is posted on it. If not, don’t deal with them.

7. Don’t be afraid to ask the seller lots of questions, genuine sellers should be very helpful, some online shopping sites have forms where you can see customer feed back.

8. Check, and read in full the terms and conditions, and the privacy policy of the site.

9. If you are unsure about a site, try doing a search with Google or any of the other search engines. You may find comments posted about the shopping site from other customers.

10. If you are still not sure after reading the above it may be time to go shopping elsewhere.

These simple guidelines should also apply when bidding online.

If you do make the occasional bid in one of the many online auction sites, the same safety guidelines should become standard. Part of the appeal of buying or bidding online is that you tap into the global markets at a click of your finger. Buying through auction sites on the web can be very exciting and for most people enjoyable, but remember they can also be very addictive.

Most of the well-known auction sites are based in the United States; so overseas bidders should follow proper, but simple guidelines when placing their bids.

We should not shy away from the worthwhile experience of online shopping. Shopping on-line can bring you great savings, and will also take away the burden of going shopping.

Missed packets the enemy of your aup

: When it comes to defending the integrity and reputation of a corporation, one of the primary lines of defense will be your Acceptable Use Protocols (AUP). The diligence and attention you dedicate to your AUP, however, can be completely sidestepped by just one missed packet. So how can you remain vigilant, defend your AUP and enforce it without missing a packet? Overcoming Human Error Programs are only as strong as their programming. Whether you employ a software or hardware appliance for your network-filtering device; you will need to update it. There are virtually thousands of sites created weekly. Many of those sites are just one step ahead of the law and when you consider the measures they are willing to undertake, it is not inconceivable that they may be one step ahead of your filter. The temptation to handle personal business while at work can be too great for some employees. Communication, for example, with relatives and friends while at work via Instant Messages or email are part of the corporate record just as any other business communication transaction that takes place. Employees may not be aware of the impact of their actions, but the responsible corporation should be. Since it is possible for just a single typo to send an employee to a website of questionable intent, you have to compensate for human error. While the majority of your employees will abide by the AUP, making a typo is not about intent. If your filtering appliance is not capable of verifying the requested web site against an object list of questionable or acceptable sites – then your employee may find themselves staring at a site filled with pornography or worse, coping with an automatic download that implants questionable material or viruses onto your network. Clogged Arteries of Communication Software-based filters may have to run several checks and re-checks when they receive a website request. The checking and rechecking consumes valuable bandwidth and, depending on the number of employees trying to use the network at the same time, packets can get dropped or missed when the network arteries become clogged. Unfortunately, the very nature of software checking requires the use of excessive bandwidth. If the network lines become too clogged, you may be faced with a network outage or failure. The latency caused by software operations is bad enough; however, the software failure can leave even more packets missed or skipped. Employees could find themselves staring at sites that violate their company’s AUP. To deal with these complications, a self-contained hardware-based filter can help your network avoid missed packets and maintain optimum throughput time. In particular, an Interent filtering appliance that employs Kernel-Level Filtering can give you the speed of pass by and the accuracy of pass through technologies. Such a system would have its own hardened and optimized OS so that latency and missed packets aren’t a problem with which you must contend. Hardware is Hardwired A true hardware solution is far more accurate than software solutions that rely on heuristic-based filtering to do the job. First of all, a true hardware appliance is not limited by bandwidth. Requests are sent directly to the hardware device and filtering and reporting are all on-box. Because all the action takes place on the hardware device, the end user is not limited by network capacity nor are they clogging the network up with repeated checks and cross checks. Hardware filtering devices can also be updated daily and customized to a corporation’s specific AUP standards. The daily updates allow corporations to compensate for the hundreds of new sites created daily that can’t be as readily updated with software-based applications. Another important distinction would be to have critical security sites updated hourly. This would ensure maximum protection for your organization. A hardware-filtering device is the best defense for your AUP against objectionable content, IM, P2P and spyware.

Avoiding identity theft

What's in a name? Possibly thousands of dollars. That's the word from law enforcement agents who say that Americans lose millions to identity theft each year.

The term "identity theft" refers to a crime in which a person steals your Social Security number or other private information. The criminal then uses that information to charge items or services on your credit or simply steal money from your bank account. The thieves often operate online, making it especially important to take precautions when surfing the Web.

A new book called "Geeks On Call Security and Privacy: 5-Minute Fixes" (Wiley, $14.95) could help you protect your identity. It offers expert advice on securing your computer as well as simple, step-by-step explanations of topics ranging from stopping viruses and spyware to backing up your data. The book explains these tips and others in detail:

Encrypt Your Computer Data

If your computer contains financial statements, credit card numbers, business documents, names and addresses of friends and family or other private information, consider using encryption software.

Social Security Numbers

Never use your Social Security number as a login on a Web site and do not give your Social Security number if an unsolicited e-mail requests it.

Avoid Automatic Logins

Some Web sites offer to save your user name and password so you can avoid the hassle of logging in over and over again. However, saving this information can make it easier for a thief to steal your identity.

Always Log Out

Before exiting an Internet account (online banking, bill pay, etc.), be sure to click the "Log Off" or "Log Out" button. This closes your session on the site and prevents someone from breaking into your account by clicking the back button on your Web browser.

Avoid Credit Card "Auto Save"

Most e-commerce Web sites allow you to store credit card numbers on their databases to make future transactions faster. Unfortunately, these databases are often targeted by hackers.

Signs that your home computer is infected by spyware or adware

There are a number of indicators you can watch for which will suggest that your computer has been infected by spyware or adware. Please note that some of the symptoms listed below are not unique to just a spyware or an adware infection.

1) PC Performance – Both Spyware and adware consume your PC’s resource like computer memory. A bad spyware infection could dramatically slow your computer’s performance including causing your system’s to become increasingly unstable. Spyware also can affect your internet connection speed as it takes up bandwidth to communicate information back to its creator.

2) Pop up Ads – It is highly likely that your computer is infected by Adware if you notice more pop up ads appearing than usual. In some cases pop ads start appearing on the desktop even if you have not opened a web browser. Alternatively, search results may appear in a pop up or another browser window relative to the website you are visiting or keyword term you have typed into a search engine.

3) Browser Toolbars – These programs are commonly bundled with free software which the publisher often describes as “advertiser supported.” The toolbar then feeds adverts based on the website you visit. They are usually very difficult to uninstall. “180 Search Assistant” and “Huntbar” are example programs.

4) Browser Settings – Your internet favourites or bookmarks and start page are two main settings which are targeted by spyware authors. Web sites are inserted into your list of internet favourites in the hope that you will visit them. Browser hijackers change the start page which is visited when the browser loads. Any unexpected change to your start page is a sign of infection.

5) Start Up Programs – Some spyware variants will try to add themselves to your Windows start up program list. If you boot up time becomes noticeably slower then review your program start up list to check for applications you are not familiar with and remove them. This program list can be review using the “MS Config” option from the Windows XP Run command.

6) Software Failure – A spyware infection can cause some of your programs to crash or stop working. In particular watch if your Internet Explorer browser refuses to work all of a sudden.

7) Hosts File Changes – The Hosts File is a Windows file that maps the numerical IP Address to the Host Name very much like the address book on your cell phone “maps” your friend’s name to their telephone number. Some spyware programs can change these setting so that when you type in “www. yahoo. com” for example you are re-directed the spyware author’s website.

Developing a standard aup

: Developing an Acceptable Usage Policy (AUP) requires organizations to utilize a process that can ensure their AUP, once implemented, is as effective as possible. One popular method for this sort of Management Assessment is called RISK, an acronym that stands for requirements, identify, select and know. Employing RISK to build an effective AUP is important whether an organization is publicly or privately held. Even family-owned businesses need an AUP if their employees have access to the Internet. RISK The requirement of their RISK policy includes understanding that the company’s reputation and assets could be endangered by employee abuse or misuse of the company’s network or computers. When a company understands that email, instant messaging, peer-to-peer and web surfing technology can leave them vulnerable to exploitation or network and system damage, they have identified the key elements around which they must design their AUP. Once the basic requirements have been identified, the next step is to construct a policy that will protect both their network security and the company’s reputation. Since breaches in computer network security can lead to substantial regulatory fines judicial settlements that can cost billions and negative media attention that can seriously damage a company’s reputation, the design of a comprehensive and relevant AUP is more important than ever. Design & Educate First of all, the AUP should be explicitly written and clearly presented to all employees. It should be comprehensive, covering all rules, polices and procedures appertaining to P2P, Internet, Instant Messaging and email activities. The use of any vague language should be strictly avoided in an effective AUP. For example, stating that email is to be used for business purposes can leaves wiggle room for an employee to state he was using his email for business when he actually means “personal” business rather than correspondence pertaining to his job. Instead, the AUP should detail exact use and abuse terms. For example, the company should detail that downloading music, video and other copyrighted materials is expressly forbidden. Employees should be notified that all communications whether of a personal or business nature are monitored and stored. The need for such monitoring should be explained as well as the penalty for employee abuse. Employees should be made to understand that use of company computers and protocols such as email, IM and P2P are not rights, but rather privilege given to them by the company. Penalties ranging from written warnings all the way up to termination should be clearly explained. The comprehensive nature of the policies and procedures should be updated regularly in order to govern developing concerns such as blogging. New technologies and communication protocols are appearing daily – a company’s best acceptable usage policy should be flexible enough to accommodate these emerging threats. Monitor & Enforce Developing the AUP and educating employees is only the first step. The implementation system should also include how the company will monitor and enforce their internal AUP. In an ideal world, simply telling an employee to not exercise bad judgment might be enough. But employees can be mislead themselves and endanger a host network security system despite good intentions. Whether a company chooses a hardware or software solution will affect how well they are able to monitor and enforce their AUP. Although the education of employees will assist in the enforcement of the AUP because the judicial system could find that a corporation has made a reasonable effort to keep their corporation free of hostility, harassment and other abusive behaviors, it will not be enough to keep your networks safe from outside intrusion, whether intentional or not The AUP will reduce the vicarious liability that a company may endure but the vicarious liability factor is further protected when the written AUP is enforced through disciplinary actions and filtering solutions. A filtering solution can prevent employees from accessing sites, software and other connections that may violate the company’s AUP and endanger its networks and systems. This will eliminate employee error on many levels. Whatever the chosen filtering solution, it should also monitor behavior in order to provide for disciplinary action on the part of the company as needed. As previously mentioned, disciplinary action can be applied in stages from written warnings to suspensions to termination of employment. These rules should be detailed specifically in the AUP and presented clearly to the employees so that expectations and rulings are clearly defined prior to any action being taken. The Solution is the Solution Defining the AUP requires identifying the risk management issues, key software vulnerabilities and required employee behavior. When an effective AUP is combined with disciplinary action that is clearly stated and effectively enforced, companies are protecting their employees, networks and finances. However, an AUP’s ultimate success will hinge a great deal on the type of filtering solution a company chooses. A filter that not only enforces the AUP, but also monitors the behavior of the employees provides a double layer of protection.. A powerful and effective filtering solution is the final piece of the puzzle to developing, maintaining and enforcing the company AUP.

Cyberspace samurai s art of hacking

If you acknowledge the foe and recognize yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you recognise yourself merely not the foeman, for every victory gained you volition also suffer a defeat. If you cognize neither the opposition nor yourself, you testament succumb in every battle." - Sun Tzu, The Art of War. Take the immortal words of Sun Tzu, cognise yourself. Or here, experience your computer code. Do you live however your codification wish react to an tone-beginning. Do you roll in the hay if your diligence or data is guarantee, or if at that place ar huge security measures holes. If your coating were under attempt, would you even love it. And what approximately make out the . Do you make love a hack bequeath approach your covering.

Do you sleep with what early warning signs to looking for, to detect once your applications being hacked. Have you ever looked at your lotion as a drudge would, and thought close to you would plan of attack it. As a professional cyber-terrorist, in this article, I leave guide you through the process hackers take to exploit applications and systems. I'm often asked, "What should I concern just about in my encode that hackers could exploit?" This is easy enough to answer for risks we get laid some nowadays, simply it doesn't address the real problem.

I tin Tell you roughly the most popular onslaught vectors for now's applications, just that only aid you . To truly assist you become more ensure, I need to Teach you what to expression for. I wish to enable you to do the analysis. This follows the old proverb, "Give a man a fish and he be able-bodied to eat ; Edward Teach a man to fish and he never go hungry." This is true for security system and your applications — well, not the whole fishing part, only the teaching part.

You get the idea. Trying to track a on the Internet is like nerve-racking to track the wild Abominable snowman in Nepal (I'm not sure in that location any tamed ...). But in any case, if the left no tracks, was silent, and hid where you weren't looking or in a place you didn't have existed. would you find him. If hackers tin can poke and prod your and potentially get access to sections of your encipher or data that you weren't expecting them to, you do it they thither.

Are you nerve-wracking to William Tell me that I toilet dodge bullets?" Morpheus: "No Neo, I'm stressful to distinguish you that you're ready, you won't have to." I could separate you more or less entirely the latest exploits and exactly what to facial expression for to fix your specific and make sure it's insure. We would talk around buffer-overflows, SQL injection, Cross-Site Script hacking, the list goes on and on. We would be essentially attempting to dodge the bullets; to headache or so each and every little incoming onset. Once you ready, one time you start thinking almost your applications and the environment in a holistic manner, and in one case you controller your applications to react the way you wishing them to or log the activity they don't, then you be to protect against attacks that haven't even been dreamt up yet. I'm not saying your be 100% assure, just that your ever be under your restraint.

You e'er be aware of what's going on and what your threats . That is the true nature of surety. It's totally most command. You need to be in mastery. Logs, coupled with a strong understanding of you may be attacked, is a huge step in the right direction.

Listening devices aid plumbers wild life lovers

There are all types of listening devices available on the market today. The can be as large as a twenty inch parabolic dish, as small as a wristwatch, or even as small as a matchstick lapel microphone.

Listening devices have many more uses than just surveillance work, too. Listening devices such as the Bionic Ear have been used for magnifying animal sounds for personal safety, recording bird calls for nature photography, and were even used during Desert Storm. You can even use listening devices with your recorder to make fantastic recordings as gifts.

Some listening devices can be added onto a camera or DVR system. Other devices can accurately pick up sound from as far as three hundred yards. Listening devices can increase sound up to thirty decibels and record with concert-hall quality sound. There are other listening devices called concrete microphones or electro-acoustic receivers that can pick up minute vibrations like those given off by a bomb, and professional plumbers can even use them to locate leaky pipes in the foundation of homes. Naturally, they can also be used to identify voice leakage and their sources in a room, as well. They can detect vibrations in virtually any solid surface whether it’s steel, glass, concrete or wood.

One of the best uses for listening devices is to amplify sound for the hearing impaired. These listening devices can pick up sound from as far away as one hundred yards, and they are small enough to fit into a woman’s purse or a man’s shirt pocket. One of the best features about these listening devices is that they minimize feedback and scratchiness and weigh as little as three ounces.

Security management - software and hardware to keep your investment secure

Security management is essential to any company. There are many different aspects of security management including Computer Network security, Entry Identification and Logging system and Fire Detection and Prevention.

Companies are increasingly using programmed magnetic or chipped Identity Cards for employees that allow access only to specific parts of the site. The system records every entry and exit made, meaning that access to sensitive areas is automatically limited and the person responsible for any theft or damage is easily identified. Theft and damage are reduced of course, because employees are aware of the system, its capabilities and the increased likelihood of being caught.

Heat and smoke detectors are generally wired to a central control room that has instant video access to any area where an alarm is raised, meaning that false alarms are quickly identified and productivity losses are minimized.

The technology has fallen in price so much that even schools and colleges have chipped identity cards for staff. The system is more acceptable to clerical and professional staff than clocking in and out, but achieves that function as well as its primary security function.

Video surveillance is a part of modern life. It is used in all shops and many production facilities. The output from all the cameras can be output to a single screen as large thumbnail pictures, where security personnel can zoom in on any suspicious activity.

Computer Network Security has a very high profile in most companies. If someone from outside managed to get into the network they could either, create mayhem by deleting essential files, or they could steal confidential company data. Firewalls are designed to prevent this happening. Computer Network Security is much more than checking for hackers, though. More damage is caused by employees' unauthorized use of files from home PCs which have viruses on them. Network PCs in many companies no longer have floppy disk drives, or even CD drives to prevent employee damage to the system in this way.

Internet security camera

Internet Security Camera: Knowing What’s Happening inside Your Home While on Vacation

Being away from your home is always an unpleasant feeling especially when you’re on vacation, principally if you don’t know what’s happening inside your home. You will have thoughts of getting robbed, and getting your home invaded by strangers.

With this kind of thought, you will most probably have an unpleasant vacation. Having a vacation means that you should relax and take it easy. It is a fact that you can’t bring everything inside your home. So, the best way to protect all your things is by locking your home whenever you leave. However, because of the lock picking skills that some people may have, locking your home is not really enough.

Home alarm systems are very expensive. So, one good idea for securing your home and record every second on what’s happening inside your home is through an internet security camera. These are cameras that can be accessed through the internet. With this kind of technology, you can remotely access your home computer installed with the internet security camera and instantly get live images of your home.

The camera also has remote control features that you can use in order to get a full view on what’s going on in every part of your home.

The internet security camera can send live images directly over IP network and enables authorized users to remotely or locally access the camera. It will allow you to access the camera by typing in your user name and password.

Since the internet security camera can be controlled, you can make it tilt, pan, zoom and take a look at any part of the house as long as it is in the range of the camera.

Some cameras are wirelessly connected to your computer which allows it to be placed anywhere in you house as long as it is in its signal range.

With access to the camera, you can record the images being transmitted with your remote computer. You will be able to store and record the images. So, in case something happens in your house, such as someone breaking and entering, you can record it and show it to the police. Because of this ability, the police can catch the criminal easier.

Some cameras can even record sound and can be in color or in black and white image. Click and white images is cheaper and offers better quality.

So, if you want peace of mind when leaving your home, you can consider installing an internet security camera. With this kind of camera, you can access your home wherever you are in the world. The internet can be a powerful tool that you can use for security purposes.

With this kind of security, you can be sure that you will know everything that is happening inside you home. The thought of leaving your home will never be unpleasant again. With the internet security camera, you will bring your home with you wherever you go.

So, if you want to secure your home, purchase an internet security camera. You will also need a high speed internet connection in order for you to access your internet security camera, and a compatible operating system. With this kind of technology, you will get your home secured from robberies. Locks is a thing of the past, secure your home with an internet security camera.

The importance of context in content filtering

: Launching a search for “Breast Cancer Awareness” should not result in a flood of pornographic URLs, but if your filtering solution isn’t capable of analyzing context as well as words, that might be what happens. Filtering pornographic texts may focus only on the word “breast” and not on the context in which it is presented. It is important that your company’s Appropriate Use Policy (AUP) includes the specific definition of what constitutes Web sites that need to be blocked. Visiting the Breast Cancer Society’s home page would probably be allowed by most company AUPs. However, making sure that authorized sites get through and inappropriate sites get blocked, can be a very tricky business, especially if your filtering solution looks only at words and not context. The Hardware Filtering Option One way to ensure that your AUP is accurately enforced is to implement a hardware filtering solution that is able to handle both words and context. In addition, an appliance offers other advantages that make it the ideal choice to perform complex filtering processes that are fast, accurate and flexible. One advantage is that an appliance-based filtering solution fits easily into your network’s topology while at the same time giving the company the flexibility of outstanding features. A hardware appliance is a dedicated and features pass by architecture that allows it to remain stable regardless of the load. If load increases, the hardware appliance is infinitely scalable by simply adding another machine. Software filters are limited in both their performance, scalability and single points of failure. Comprehensive Reporting One of the most important components of successful Web filtering for any organization is the ability to generate relevant reports. You can get an instant snapshot of activity at your organization or produce management or compliance reports required by your organization. There is no better way to ensure that accuracy and reliability goals are being met. If you can find an appliance-based Web filtering solution that offers on-box reporting, you found the best product. With total on-box reporting you won’t have to purchase additional hardware or software that drives up your costs. In addition, you will be able to prove that inappropriate content is not reaching your employees and that appropriate content is allowed to get through. Also, reporting allows you to fulfill the requirements of your organization’s Acceptable Use and Security Policies and document your compliance. The Importance of Human Review Automatic URL database updates are essential for providing secure and timely content filtering. It is particularly critical that these database updates are vetted by more than just name identification. By employing 100% human-review coupled with weekly, daily or hourly updates, your company is protected from dangerous sites and objectionable content around the clock.. Using human-review, sites with questionable content are reviewed daily and added to the database. Conversely, if a site such as the Breast Cancer Society or a site handling fertility treatment information comes up for review, a human interface can approve the content for the database. Medical Mistakes and Business Operations The accurate and secure filtering of Web content has serious implications for many different organizations. In the case of Medical facilities it is important to know that hospitals and doctors’ offices are now governed by the HIPPA policy. This policy requires that no private medical data be distributed to anyone other than those precisely identified by the patient. If the internal or network security of a medical facility should be compromised, that facility would be in violation of HIPPA and subject to serious fines as well as the loss of patient confidence. Pornography, phishing, spy ware, violent or racist websites may share similar words with valid websites, but they are negative and dangerous to the internal security of a company’s network and to their public reputation. By using an appliance based Web filtering solutions, companies can implement the necessary tools and resources required to protect their best interests no matter what the nature of their business. There are inherent limitations associated with software solutions especially when a firewall is involved. A software solution combined with a firewall means that eventually the general purpose CPU of the firewall will become bogged down with the double duty it will be forced to perform. In the worst-case scenario, the network is slowed down by the software filter and the firewall device, leading to compromised performance and network security. Cyberspace can be treacherous, but it shouldn’t be frustrating and arbitrary. Software-based solutions that are inherently more complex and which employ heuristics rather than 100% human - review can only do so much. To ensure success, human interface is needed in order to judge context for content. The best solution for network security is a solution that is dedicated to providing the best service possible so that your organization can fulfill its interests and satisfaction. While the danger of lost intellectual property and high-profile lawsuits float around in cyberspace, a hardware filtering solution keeps the dangers locked out while protecting access to vital content.

Monitoring the international web

: One of the top website monitoring services in the world has announced that it's industry-leading network and website monitoring services can now be accessed in French, Spanish and German, as well as in the original English. Why this sudden interest in other languages?

"Many people in the English-speaking world think there is only one Internet – the English Internet," says Vadim Mazo, Chief Technology Officer for Dotcom-Monitor. "But there are vibrant communities popping up all over the world, each fully functional in its own language. And people in every country expect to be served as much as possible in their own language.

Dotcom-Monitor has recently expanded its services, which include website monitoring, network monitoring and load testing, into three new world languages:

  • French is a major language in three European countries, parts of Canada and several smaller countries in the world.
  • Spanish is spoken in most of the eastern hemisphere, even in increasing numbers in the United States.
  • German is the business powerhouse language of Europe.
Mr. Mazo believes that every company needs to speak the language of its customers, and these are the languages that major Internet-using businesses are speaking.

An International Website Monitoring Network

To support these efforts, Dotcom-Monitor added a new station recently at Frankfurt to its monitoring network. It now has nine website monitoring stations around the world, including China, the United Kingdom, Canada and the USA, with more on the way. Details about the Dotcom-Monitor network are available at: http://www. dotcom-monitor. com/network-device-monitoring. asp

  • The French language monitoring website can be accessed at Surveillance de sites et de services web, et de rйseaux informatiques.
  • The Spanish language monitoring website can be accessed at monitorizaciуn de red y servadores web.
  • The German language monitoring website can be accessed at Netzwerk fьr Webseiten ьberwachung und Netzwerkьberwachung
Remote website monitoring helps owners respond quickly to emergencies (such as pages loading sluggishly or script failures), as well as to make long-term plans to accommodate growing traffic. For example, it is estimated that $20 to $40 billion is lost each year from users who abandon slow loading websites, and the smart owner wants to avoid that problem before it happens, regardless of what language he speaks.

Satellite surveillance

Satellite surveillance is one of those things that we have just become used to accepting. We see it depicted on television, and the truth is that surveillance by satellite is often very good. And the space above the planet is full of satellites that can be used to look down on whatever we might be doing. Satellites are used to track the weather, look at enemy bases and territory, and even to find people. However, the protection of privacy restricts law enforcement from using this type of surveillance too much.

Satellite surveillance can also be used by more “regular” people. Anytime you use a GPS tracker or system, you are making use of satellites to figure out position and track the location of your GPS device (whether you are using it to figure out where you are or are using it to find out where your teenager is). Satellites are used in this network to help you keep track of where you and your loved ones are.

Satellite surveillance is also occasionally used to keep track of suspected criminals or people out on parole. This is because satellite picture is so accurate. It can literally see an object three inches wide on a pavement. Of course, satellites do not just randomly “see” these things. In order to see something that small, the satellite has to be trained on that area and then directed to enhance the image. So you are unlikely to be randomly spied on to any effect from a satellite. Most surveillance of that kind on individuals is planned out for a reason.

Because satellites are run by computers, this does mean that it is possible for someone to hack into a satellite’s guidance system and hijack it. So if someone who was very savvy and capable of hacking into a satellite, it is possible that he or she could perform surveillance on you. However, most of the more powerful satellites are specially protected. It is important to note that it is possible to buy time with a satellite as well. That is what a local law enforcement agency does when it needs to use powerful government surveillance satellites to find a fugitive or a suspect.

(c) 2005 Copyright www. spyassociates. com. This article is about: Surveillance

Protect privacy with bug detectors

Do you have a reason to believe that there may be bug detectors hidden on the premises? Are you not in your own home or work environment, where you can easily keep track of whether or not a bug has been planted? Are you even worried that the person you are meeting with may have a bug planted on their person? Then a wireless RF pen detector can be the answer to your problem. These functioning ball point pens can protect you from wire taps and hidden cameras, and the simple push button design makes them easy to use. It has a red flashing frequency that increases when you approach the signal of the bug and is good for detecting bugs up to ten feet away.

Another type of bug detector that looks like a pen is one that has a pocket sized transmitter that can easily be slipped into a pocket. Then when a bug is detected, the transmitter vibrates gently, letting you know that one or more hidden transmitters are present.

Other types of bug detectors available are tone decoders, and some of them have a built-in microphone so that no connection to the source is required. They have a sixteen digit LCD display that shows the numbers dialed on your phone instantly. These devices work great with noisy scanners and even long play tape recorders. They even come with a direct telephone line connection cable so that you can even see numbers as they are being dialed.

5 simple steps to protect yourself against identity theft

Are you the victim of identity theft? According to Joanna Crane of the Federal Trade Commission's Identity Theft Program, 80% of the victims who call the FTC say they have no idea how it happened.

Furthermore, an FTC survey reported that 4.6% of those polled reported that they had been a victim of identity theft within the past year. Additionally, according to a recent General Accounting Office report, it is estimated that as many as 750,000 Americans are victims of identity theft every year.

Is this an invisible enemy and are American's personal and financial information that easily accessible to identity thieves? What can the average American do to protect themselves from these personal attacks on their privacy? Although there are no guarantees, here are five simple steps to help prevent identity theft:

1) Shred private credit card statements, tax documents, bank statements, pre-approved credit card offers or any other documentation with private financial information.

2) If you are inundated with pre-approved credit card offers you can call toll free 1-888-567-8688 to opt out and request to have your name removed from the mailing list. In addition, you can call the national do not call registry at 1-888-382-1222 to stop unsolicited telemarketing calls where you could divulge personal information.

3) Monitor your credit report at least once a year. You are entitled to a free credit report and can get one by calling 1-877-322-8228. Look for suspicious activity. It is also wise to subscribe to a credit protection service which will inform you of changes in your credit report.

4) Check your mailbox daily and do not allow mail to sit overnight in your mailbox. Mail theft is an easy way for thieves to secure personal information. It is best to mail outgoing bills and checks at the post office or other secure locations. If you believe your mail has been stolen you must contact the nearest postal inspector. You can look in the white pages under Government Services or call 1-800-ASK-USPS.

5) Be defensive and more guarded with your information. Do not divulge your personal information freely. Never "validate" your personal or financial information when contacted through an email, even if it is a company you do business with; they have this information on file. It may look legitimate and realistic, but these attempts are getting more sophisticated and these types of scams are what is known as "phishing".

We have explored five simple steps that the average person can do to help themselves prevent identity theft. In this age of advanced communications and technology and with the thieves getting more deceptive than ever, it is imperative to continue to educate yourself. Be cautious and understand that this information can be abused and it is up to you to safeguard yourself and your famliy from this growing trend.

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