Learn pros and cons about the all electric car

While electric cars are a relatively new automotive technology, they are although fast becoming popular worldwide. A conventional car is very different from an electric car. An all electric car is a type of vehicle that uses a mixture of various technologies such as internal combustion engines, gasoline, electric motors, and batteries to run.

All Electric Cars

All electrical cars are set on batteries that provide electricity to an electric motor in the car, the engine turns the transmission, and the transmission spins the wheels. The attempt here is to increase mileage and reduce emissions as much as possible.


The structure of the electric car is simple, with the major components being: gasoline engine, motor, generator, fuel tank, battery and transmission. Many of these components are similar, and some even identical to those in conventional cars, but electric cars have different functions and are more convenient for you, your family, and the environment.


There are many advantages that are accompanied in an electrical vehicle. Namely, you are saving air of pollutants that would otherwise be spewing into the environment. Electrical vehicles are 100% emission free, and are free of pollution by-products. They provide their power from batteries, solar, or hydrogen fuel cells.

Electric cars therefore are emission free, compact, lightweight, and they are three times as efficient as gas engines. They also have excellent ranges, and are safe to drive.

Electrical cars combine the best of both conventional and electric cars for a true winner. They bring more clean energy from the electric motor with the long-range power of gasoline engines, really giving you the best of both worlds.


Just as there are advantages, there are some drawbacks to electrical cars. Electrical cars tend to require long recharge times. This means that you can not use a car while the battery is charging. Electric cars also tend to have expensive costs associated with them, should they every break down outside the warranty coverage. Although, the good news is that over the years the repair costs have significantly come down due to manufacturers better understanding the technology, and have become much more adept to building reliable parts.

To decide your next purchase, weigh the advantages and disadvantages in order to identify what is the best electric car for you.

Billet grilles can lead to an obsession for good looks

The vehicles we drive are a reflection of our own identities. That's why hunting for a new set of wheels is not simply a matter of choosing any vehicle that's on sale down at the lot. On the contrary, we all have our own complex list of criteria that guides us through the decision making process. For some, nothing is more important than engine size and transmission type. For others, it's all about trunk space.

However, the one unifying criterion that is at the top of everyone's list is style. There is something about the unique design of certain cars, trucks and SUVs that attracts us, often in very primal, inexplicable ways. Like moths to the warming glow of a light bulb, we are drawn in by the curves, lines and contours of certain vehicles. And, once they catch our eye, we are driven to acquire them, or at least another vehicle that looks quite similar.

Even after our thirst for the right automobile is quenched, we still want to project our own unique personality into its design. While there are superficial ways of doing this (e. g. a pair of fuzzy-dice dangling from the rear view mirror, or a personalized license plate frame that often reads, "I'd rather be golfing"), there are more substantial ways of modifying the attitude of your vehicle.

A simple yet significant way of customizing your vehicle's presence is by upgrading the stock grille to a more powerful, more expressive billet grille. AutoAnything carries a huge array of high-quality billet grilles in an almost endless number of designs, so you're sure to find one that perfectly matches and reflects your individual sense of style.

Before you begin sifting through an extensive stock of premium billet grilles, take a moment to learn a little about the basics of their construction, installation and other important characteristics. Use this resource as a guide for picking your perfect billet grille.

Fundamentals of Billet Grille Style

Billet grilles are crafted only from materials that are proven to be rugged, dependable and long-lasting.

Aluminum Billet Grilles

The material most widely used in the billet grille industry is aluminum, for good reasons, too. Aluminum is known for its strength, versatility, low-density, durability and resistance to corrosion. Because of its malleability, aluminum can easily be rolled, stamped, drawn, spun, hammered or forged into almost any shape, making it the ideal metal for the automotive and aerospace industries. While there are 7 different types of aluminum alloy, billet grille manufacturers use either the 5xxx or 6xxx series. The difference between these two types is that they are wrought from different alloy components. 5xxx series aluminum uses magnesium as its principle alloy, which makes it mild to moderately strong, and resistant to corrosion. In the 6xxx series, a mixture of magnesium and silicon are used, producing a higher-strength aluminum with excellent corrosion resistance.

Stainless Steel Billet Grilles

Known the world over for its strength and corrosion resistance, stainless steel is a popular metal used for crafting billet grilles. The reason that it resists rust so successfully is that it has a high chromium content. In fact, for steel to be considered stainless, it needs to have at least a 10.5% chromium content. Plus, stainless steel is incredibly tough, resilient and easily fashioned into a multitude of forms and shapes.

Just like the aluminum, there are two types of stainless steel used in billet grilles. The more economical of the two, 409 series stainless steel, is commonly used for many different automotive accessories because of its sturdiness. The other type of stainless steel, 304, is another popular automotive metal. It has a higher chromium content for the ultimate in corrosion resistance.

ABS Plastic Billet Grilles

The most cost effective billet grille material available is the ABS Plastic. Widely used across the entire automobile accessories spectrum, ABS Plastic is a lightweight, rigid and durable thermoplastic material. While it is not as strong as stainless steel or aluminum, ABS Plastic still makes an excellent medium for building billet grilles because the plastic is impervious to rust and quite durable. For added customization, it can usually be painted to match or accent your stock paint.

To Billet or Not to Billet

After deciding what materials you would like you grille to be made out of, billet grilles can be divided into two camps based on their installation type: bolt over billet grilles and replacement billet grilles. Their installation is quick and easy. In fact my 8 year old son installed our bolt over grille on our ‘02 Ford F150 in nearly 5 minutes! :)

Icebound no more getting your car unstuck

If you've done much driving in wintry weather, at some point your vehicle has probably been stuck on ice or snow. You might get stuck, but there are some tricks to getting your car moving again. For the purposes of this article, we'll assume that it’s stuck simply because the tires have lost traction on a slippery surface (that is, it's not in a ditch, and all four tires are on the ground).

First, keep a winter-driving emergency kit in your car. The contents of the kit should include the following items:

1. A bag of some gritty substance to offer traction for your tires. Common choices are sand, kitty litter, rock salt, or pea gravel.

2. Two long, thin lengths of carpet. A runner-style carpet that is cut in half lengthwise is ideal.

3. A spade shovel. If you're in an area where significant accumulations of snow are likely, consider adding a snow shovel as well. To conserve space, you can purchase these with folding handles at a camping or military surplus retailer.

Now, for getting unstuck:

When you realize that your vehicle is stuck, the best course of action is to avoid making the situation worse. As soon as you feel the tires begin to spin, take your foot from the accelerator. Hitting the gas and causing the tires to spin in place only packs down the ice or snow into a hard, smooth surface, making it harder for the tires to get any purchase.

Ease the car backward a little, and then gently rock it forward, up and out of any depression that spinning tires may have caused. If this doesn't work, turn your steering wheel hard in either direction, and try again to rock the car back and forth.

If you’re still stuck, now is the time to get out of the car and assess the situation.

Determine which direction is most likely to be successful. If you can, aim toward the closest ground surface where you're most likely to regain traction. Avoid going uphill. If there's an accumulation of snow, use the snow shovel to clear a path.

Use the spade to dig down underneath the front of the vehicle's drive tires (note that it must be drive tires that get traction; the others are incidental). If the surface just in front of the tires is packed down hard, try to score it or roughen it up a bit with the edge of the shovel.

Shovel some of the sand or gravel underneath the tires. It's essential that the tread come into contact with the sand. If necessary, you can get down and use your hands to push some of the sand under the tires. Then, spread a path of sand over the area you've cleared.

Going on the same premise as before (easy on the accelerator), try again to move the car forward. If you have people who are willing and physically able to push from behind, have them push. Make sure that they're to the sides of the car—not behind it—and ready to move out of the way in case the rear of the vehicle should skew or slide.

If the vehicle moves a few inches but then gets bogged down again, try the carpet as an alternative. Push the edges of the pieces underneath the tires. Should the car start moving again, it will at least be able to travel the length of the carpet.

If the vehicle moves forward, try to maintain the momentum without causing the tires to spin...and keep on going until you're on your way.

If the vehicle doesn't move at all, you may need to repeat the whole process again, possibly several times. In certain cases, you might even have to concede to necessity…and enlist the help of a local towing service.

It happens, unfortunately. But even if it does, at the very least you'll know that you used all the resources available to you, and did the best that you could on your own.

New epa tests and formulas expected to reduce fuel economy estimates

For decades new car buyers have complained that their fuel economy has not measured up to the EPA estimates on the window sticker. Since the EPA began providing mileage estimates in the 1970’s, it has been known that the testing methods were not reflective of real world driving conditions and are more effective in comparing mileage between different models than determining actual fuel economy.

Although changes have been made to this fuel economy estimating system several times since the 70’s, new tests and formula for determining mileage and, as well as new window stickers, will be phased in with the 2008 model year, and new testing procedures will be mandatory by 2011.

It is speculated that the estimated mileage appearing on window stickers will be reduced in most models, but that these figures will more closely match the real world mileage of the vehicle. For drivers practicing good driving habits and maintenance, they may be able to get fuel economy that is higher than estimated.

Current fuel mileage tests are done with vehicles on a treadmill-like device designed to simulate real driving. However, these tests are done in moderate temperatures without any accessories running, such as air conditioning. The highway test is far outdated, with the top speed only being 60 mph, and an average speed of 48 mph. The city driving test simulates 7.5 miles of driving at an average of 20 mph with 18 stops.

The new fuel economy testing procedures will take into account and replicate three common scenarios that can significantly lower fuel economy, such as hard acceleration, cold temperature operation, and the use of air conditioning. Although some of these tests are done currently, they are used to determine emissions figures, but the data is factored into mileage estimates. For the 2008 model year, the EPA is simply using a different formula in an attempt to make mileage estimates more accurate.

It is expected that the new estimation formula and new testing procedures will lower fuel economy ratings by 10-30% across the board. The vehicles whose mileage ratings will see the biggest reduction are likely to be ones that are adversely affected by heavy demand on the engine from hard acceleration, air conditioning, and cold temperatures, such as high mileage cars.

Many environmentalists are disappointed that hybrids are expected to be among the vehicles with the biggest drop in estimated mileage. Some say this may have a negative impact on the hybrid market, but every vehicle will have the same actual fuel economy. The only difference is a more realistic mileage estimate.

While some fear this will cause consumers to neglect hybrid cars, many analysts and industry insiders see the new formula and tests in a positive light. Dave Alexander, a senior analyst at ABI Research, said, "There is potential in the long run for better customer satisfaction." This is because a car whose window sticker says 30 mpg will be able to produce that mileage at 70 mph with the air conditioning on, in real driving conditions, instead of at a top speed of 60 mph with no accessories in a climate controlled setting.

Instead of turning consumers away from hybrids, more accurate mileage estimates may allow consumers to purchase vehicles that are actually more fuel efficient instead of continuing to be dissatisfied with lower than expected mileage.

How to avoid an eventual accident


Statistics suggest that almost every driver has an accident while going in reverse at one point in their lifetime. Will your time come soon? There is a technological solution in limiting or eliminating this issue all together. Car parking sensors allow for safer parking and driver awareness. Driving mishaps that involve the driver’s visibility being limited can be costly and dangerous to the driver and pedestrians as well.

Harrowing Statistics

Each year there are over 300,000 accidents reported in the U. S. due to reversing. The Department of Transportation states that 27% of car accidents involve at least one of the cars going in reverse. These accidents total to a number of over 1.3 billion dollars costing individuals and insurance companies.

Kidsandcars. org is an organization set on limiting and eventually eradicating the harmful effects cars have on individual safety. They report that car reversal caused 91 child deaths in 2003. The Department of Transportation asserts that 70% of all accidents can be avoided if the vehicle is equipped with some sort of sensor.

How it Works

A parking sensor is prompted when employing reverse gear. A small but highly intelligent sensor affixed to the rear of the vehicle sends and measures magnetic waves that interact with objects and alert the driver of their presence. An internal device educates the driver of the distance between the object and the rear of the vehicle.

Parking Tips

-Be aware of the possible presence of people (especially small children) when reversing

-Watch both sides of the rear of the vehicle while reversing

-Make sure your vehicle is parked between designated lines in parking lots

-If driving with a passenger, have them get out and guide you while parallel parking

-Car sensors are available for the front and rear of vehicles; it would be wise to invest in one or both

-Research sensor purchases and only buy reliable brands

Leading Brands of Sensors

-The Taurus T123

-Quanan Q2030S

-Sempal Mobiltron Supa

-Steelmate PTS 200N2

-Meta Targa SR2

-Cobra ParkMaster 0166

Dvla s personalised number plates auction a success

The DVLA enjoyed continued success with their latest auction of previously un-issued personalized number plates. The last auction was held at Dormy House Hotel, Broadway, Worcestershire on the 5th,6th and 7th of September 2007. Bids were taken by letter, telephone, on line and of course in person in the room.

Top price paid was Ј31000 + vat + auctioneers commission + transfer fee ( approx Ј38750 total ) for the number 111 S, not sure why that went for so much, seems a lot if it was bought to go on a Lotus Elise. Other notable high prices were Ј17800 for 67 A and Ј17100 for 551 KHS ( presumably because it resembles SIKHS ). 1 numbers continue to demand high prices with 1 LHR achieving Ј13700and 1 PLA Ј13000.

Lowest prices were Ј250 with the best value one of these being L92 UKE at Ј300.Other genuine bargains in the lower price range were E10 MAX at Ј600 and DOU 99Y at Ј800.Prices in general seemed to be higher than those achieved in auctions held earlier in the year. There were fewer good numbers where no-one had attended to bid which are traditionally mopped up by the dealers.

Surprisingly unsold numbers were 4 HPS , 13 LEO ,786 RAV.

Total income for the DVLA ( or treasury if you like ) was in excess of Ј4 million and as the DVLA have no purchase costs, as they are un-issued numbers that have not been used previously this is a very healthy figure to achieve.

The next auction of personalised number plates is on the 24th,25th and 26th October and will be held at Down Hall, Bishop Stortford in Hartfordshire. A catalogue can be ordered by calling 0800 089 2222. You can bid in person, by phone , by letter or on-line but you must register in advance. If you are bidding for a high value registration number it may be best for you to attend in person so you can absorb the whole experience which will make your number all the more enjoyable but make sure you set yourself a limit as most bidders get carried away and pay far more than they intended.

Advice for filing an auto insurance claim

We know we need it; it is required, after all. We just hope we never have to use it. Purchasing auto insurance may seem like the difficult part of the process, with all the legalese and fine print; however, if you actually ever need your auto insurance, you’re going to have to file an auto insurance claim. This can be the trickier part, if you aren’t prepared.

Below is some advice for filing an auto insurance claim. Although it’s best to brush up on this advice before you actually need to file an auto insurance claim, you may want to jot this advice down for future reference.

Get Answers

You really should know how much auto insurance you have before you’re involved in an accident; however, if you don’t, find out how much liability coverage you have. Liability coverage is the amount of money you have available to pay for the damages caused by an accident in which you are at fault. The liability insurance can cover vehicle repairs and hospital expenses for the other party, for example.

You also need to know the amount of your deductible for your collision auto insurance coverage, and your comprehensive auto insurance coverage if you have it. Simply put, this is the amount you have to pay before your auto insurance kicks in.

Contact Your Insurance Company

Contact your insurance company, and provide them with your name and address, as well as those of the involved parties, everything pertinent to the accident (date, time, location, damages, etc.), and the names and addresses of any witnesses. Your insurance company will advise you on what further steps to take, and then they will take it from there.

Keep Records

In the meantime, keep records of all paperwork, including repair receipts and hospital visits. Your insurance company may request this documentation later.

Being prepared before an accident will make the process after the accident much smoother.

Car selling tips for ebay motors

It’s no secret that everyday more and more people turn to eBay to buy and sell products online and eBay Motors, the branch of the company created to sell vehicles is no different. I have bought and sold vehicles at eBay Motors and have had some great and some no so great experiences on both sides of the fence but either way it was always learning experience that helped me later on.

Obviously if you’re trying to sell a car online at eBay Motors you’re probably looking for the best possible price. Here are a few tips that you can use to get the best price when selling your car online. First and foremost, you must clean and fully detail your car so that it appears as close to perfect as possible depending on its overall condition and you should never try to conceal any minor flaws. When people are depending on pictures to buy a car they don’t want to guess what’s under the dirt or try to figure out how bad a flaw really is. Being brutally honest might net you a little less but it will prevent any headaches later on in the dealing process.

Never try and skimp on your auction description and pictures. As mentioned earlier, people are buying a car and potentially spending a bunch of cash so if they see anything they don’t like they will pass your auction or listing in a heartbeat. It is much better to take as many pictures as possible, a good rule of thumb is to provide as many pictures as you would like to see if you were the buyer. Also post them up as a slideshow or a collage and cover all the angles, don’t put up one picture and say email me for more, many people will not go through the trouble of requesting more photos for any mainstream model car.

I recommend that you take pictures of the following angles to help the potential car buyer understand what kind of shape your car is in. Keep your pictures flowing around the car to ensure you don’t miss anything and it will help the buyer realize that you’ve covered everything they’re looking for?

Start at the driver’s side and take a shot at an angle shooting toward the headlight but showing the entire driver’s side in the photo then move around the vehicle taking the side, rear, passenger, and then straight on front. Taking the long angles is very helpful to show that your car body is true and doesn’t have waves from a bad body job. Be sure to take close ups of any damage or flaws and point them out in your auction or listing description as well. Once you’ve covered the exterior of the vehicle take clear pictures of the interior including each of the seats, floor mats and under the floor mats, the headliner, and the dashboard. When you take a picture of the dashboard make sure you take a solo shot of the odometer to verify the mileage.

Moving on you want to take pictures of the engine compartment which is why it is crucial that it has been detailed nicely. One trick my friend uses that not many people think of is to take the dipstick out and take a close up of the oil to show that is fresh and clean. This might or might not help but the more you show the less hassle you’ll get in the selling process.

Now that you have the exterior, interior and engine covered you will want to add some pictures of the under carriage of your car. This is becoming the more and more the norm when people are looking at used vehicles online, they want to ensure they aren’t missing anything. To take away all their fears of damage and rust issues you should capture images of the front portion, mid portion and the back portion and make sure you include the muffler, catalytic converter and the wheel wells and any other areas that you feel should be covered. A lot of car enthusiasts will take shots with their wheels off to show the brake rotors or take shots of the shocks and so on but that’s up to you. You’ll usually see this if the seller is showing that they just changed or upgraded to new parts.

The last tip I will recommend is something I think is extremely important for any sale but especially if you’re selling a classic or vintage car and that is the cars documents. That is the original owner’s documents and manual with any repairs and regular maintenance. Also include any preventative maintenance documents like rust proofing or any improvements that you’ve made since buying the car.

Provide your phone number and email so people can call or contact you with questions. If you make sure you answer any email or phone requests promptly and courteously and include what’s been outlined above, I’m positive you’ll get the best deal possible for your car without any major problems during the whole car selling process.

Custom wheels and rims - what you need to know before purchasing

After the 1900’s, the market for car wheels and rims has suddenly expanded. Today, most people want to modify their vehicle with the latest set of wheels. Wheels which are modified from the standard vehicle manufacturer wheels are called custom wheels. The overall look of the vehicle is changed as soon as you install a set of the trendiest custom wheels or rims. However, it is important that you choose the most appropriate wheels or rims for your vehicle.

Types of Custom Wheels and Rims

There are several kinds of wheels and rims available in the market. But you will have to make a choice keeping your vehicle in mind. You can get everything from spoke alloy wheels to the more superior chrome spinning wheels, which are the latest trend.

Appearance: In the case where you are just concerned about the appearance, then choose wheels and rims that suit your vehicle and add style to it. However if speed is your passion, then go for alloy wheels which are much lighter than chrome wheels. Alloy wheels will provide your vehicle with the desired performance. Alloys are best suited for city traffic, as they help to avoid overheating of the brake system.

To give sporty looks to your vehicle, install larger wheels and rims. You must choose the wheels that are matched with the bolt pattern of your vehicle. You should ask the salesperson to help you choose the right ones. This is essential because incorrectly installed custom wheels will create problems with the handling of your vehicle.

Pricing: With lower priced wheels, you will have to compromise on quality. If you want to purchase the most stylish and trendy custom wheels in a good quality for your vehicle, then it will cost you slightly more. Wheels and rims at online stores are slightly cheaper than at brick and mortar stores. However, the advantage of buying from a physical store is that you can see and check your wheels and rims before purchasing.

The most common way car enthusiasts modify their vehicles is to install a set of custom wheels. Automobile speed lovers, who are well aware of the performance benefits, opt for lighter, stronger or larger wheels. On the other hand, those who give preference to the looks of their vehicle opt for larger wheels, usually with a distinctive appearance.

There is no denying the fact that custom wheels and rims provide a unique and trendy look to your vehicle. However, it is also very important that the performance of your vehicle is not affected due to selecting the wrong set of wheels.

Motorcycle helmets the statistics

When you go for a ride on your motorcycle, you’re out to have fun. And hey, you’ve never had a crash before, so why would it happen now? Here are the government statistics about motorcycle helmets.

A brief history of the Law

In 1967, the US federal government said that it would take away funding from any state that didn’t have a helmet law. By 1975, 47 states had complied with the federal government. However, in 1976, they repealed the law, ruling it unconstitutional. Most states softened their helmet laws.

Kentucky and Louisiana

In the late 1990s, Kentucky and Louisiana repealed their helmet laws. While the helmet laws were in effect, nearly 100% of the people wore their helmets. When the laws came off the books, it fell to only half of people wearing helmets. The rate of fatalities per number of registered motorcycles rose 37% in Kentucky, and it rose a staggering 74% in Louisiana.

Don’t mess with Texas

Similarly to Kentucky and Louisiana, Texas took its helmet law off the books in 1997 for riders 21 or older who have insurance or training. Helmet use dropped from 96% to 66%, and motorcycle related deaths went up 1/3rd. This means that the death rates corresponds almost directly to the proportion of people who do not wear helmets.

Florida’s Example

Florida repealed its helmet law in 2000. From 1997-1999 (three years while the law was in place) 515 motorcycle riders were killed in crashes; 48 of those deaths were people not wearing helmets. From 2001-2003 (three years after the law was created) there were 933 motorcycle riders killed in crashes; 566 of these were not wearing their helmet.

What we can learn from this is that more people die when helmet use becomes optional. There were roughly 400 deaths in each three year period of people who wear helmets. However, the rate of people who died not wearing helmets went up more than 10 times. This is not coincidental.

Helmet Law Defense League

The Helmet Law Defense League is a group of people who lobby against laws requiring the use of helmets. They claim that it anti-constitutional to force people to wear helmets. They also argue that the word “helmet” is too vague.

Bells and Whistles

Even if you don’t choose to wear a motorcycle helmet for safety reasons, there are other reasons. The face guard allows you to see more clearly and prevents damage to your eyes when you go at high speeds. It also offers ear protection. Some helmets can be equipped with intercoms so you can communicate with your friends while you’re on your bike.

The Source

The mortality rate statistics are taken directly from The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. The figures can be accessed through their annual reports, and some are available on their websites.

The significance of scooter gas mileage

Still Gassing Up for Less Mileage?

Still using your Cadillac for a 40 minute drive to office? Perhaps you are one of those who scrimp on better things in life just to stretch your gas money. You always have a long way off to payday, and still got to work next Monday. Are you not wondering why a lot of your co-workers are using scooters? Perhaps you need a little education on scooter gas mileage.

Scooters are the little bikes that zip past in blazing colors. They have small bodies but have amazing speed. What makes it remarkable is the ability of the little vehicle to run on a speed of 40 miles an hour on little gas. If you experiment riding the scooter to office, it will become apparent that you have been wasting too much money on the gas station.

Save More for Less

Putting around in a scooter will not have the Rainforest Action Network and the Global Exchange boycotting your birthday because you have splurged on gas on a little mean machine. With your little 49.7cc scooter, you can prove you have earned your scooter gas mileage certificate.

If you spend $50 a day for gas, for the daily commute from to home to office and back, and for some errands three blocks away, that is a sign of gas overspending. You would average $250 a week. With a scooter, you will spend less the amount and still have left-over gas for the weekend, barring of course some extracurricular activities.

Scooter gas mileage will average 20 miles per hour or 20-40 miles per tank. This will depend on the scooter model that can vary in tank capacity from 1 to 1.5 liters. For $5 a day you can commute to office on your scooter instead of $50 in your car. The big difference between the $50 and $5 gas budget is glaring.

Scooter gas mileage, if gas price is pegged at $3 per gallon, will give a mpg of 20 for an annual expense of $1500. A scooter is reported to run on 100 miles per gallon! The potentials in gas saving is the advantage of the compact bikes. It is not unusual that more and more Americans are turning towards scooters.

Getting Ready to Get a Scooter

Scooters retail for $1000 to more than $6,500, depending on the brand and model. The prohibitive price has driven buyers to Chinese scooters that give the same mpg and convenience at almost half the price. Scooters provide comfortable sitting while driving, and you can sit upright without hurting your back. Older people in their late forties can ride these scooters in comfort and enjoy more gas mileage on limited gas money.

If you are going to invest in this ride, verify the scooter gas mileage. Aside from this, check out the availability of spare parts and service centers of the scooter brand. Also inquire about the warranty, state regulations and requirements. This will help you decide on the approved scooter models.

Using your senses to find out what may be wrong with your jaguar

How do you maintain a Jaguar vehicle? That is one question that could have a lot of answers since each person who owns or maintains a vehicle has his or her own way to keeping their vehicles in tiptop shape.

However, automobile experts have already come up with a list of the things that a vehicle owner should do so as to be able to guarantee that their vehicle would be able to perform and continually deliver through the years. This is because these experts have already found out that the more you are able to maintain your vehicle’s capacity and capabilities, the more likely that it would be able to last longer and would not succumb to breakdowns.

Keeping your Jaguar or any kind of vehicle for that matter, in top notch shape and performance is something that you would have to do yourself. After all, keeping a vehicle also means being responsible enough to do the right amount of maintenance as well as being responsible enough to keep the vehicle out of any accidents. Of course, a vehicle that is not well cared for would also mean that you would be spending a whole lot more than your budget could allow for when your car breaks down and you could not repair it yourself, off you go to the nearest mechanic.

Experts in the field of automobiles and vehicle maintenance say that there are some simple things that vehicle owners should do. The most basic of these is to just simply listen, look, and feel.

Listening simply means that you have to be familiar with how your vehicle sounds. However, if one day you simply notice that your vehicle has an unfamiliar sound about it, be sure to note it down and look for it again. If you notice that it becomes a continuous sound, it would be best then to bring your vehicle to the service center to see what could be wrong.

Look is just like listening. However, this time around, you would have to use your eyes to check if there is something wrong with how your vehicle looks. Maybe your car is spewing out steam or maybe there is some kind of smoke escaping from your car’s engine which has not happened previously. Again, note it down and if it continues, don’t hesitate to consult for professional help.

Feeling is knowing and being familiar with how your car feels when you drive it. Does it respond to you with a sharp precision? Or does it seem to hesitate each time you use new controls? That way, you could actually explain to your car attendant and mechanic what you feel whenever you drive the car. That way, these symptoms could actually assist them in finding out and fixing what might be wrong with your car.

Now, if there is a need for replacement parts for a Jaguar vehicle, you can go online and order for new Jaguar parts at trusted online sites like Jaguar Parts and Jaguar Auto Parts. They have a huge inventory of specifically produced parts for Jaguar vehicles, included are Jaguar 3.8 parts, MK9 parts, XJR parts, and Jaguar XKE parts.

How to pass a car inspection

Passing a yearly car inspection is mandatory for many people in certain states. These car inspections are for the safety of those who are driving and riding in the car. During an inspection, the brakes, exhaust system, headlights, brake lights, and other systems will be checked to make sure they are in working order. If the car does not pass the inspection, the parts that failed with have to be replaced. This can be costly depending on the repairs that have to be made. Once the repairs have been made, the car will receive a passing grade, an updated sticker, and the driver will be allowed to drive the car.

It does not matter where these replacement auto parts come from as long as they will fix the problem. You will be able to buy brand new parts, or you can find used parts from junk yards, salvage yards, or online. You can replace the parts yourself and then take the car to be inspected, which will save you money, or you can take the parts to the auto body shop. Auto parts can also be expensive if you can’t find them used. Brand new parts may also take a few days to receive, which means your car may be in the shop for a week or longer.

The purpose of an auto inspection is to make sure the car passes emissions tests as well. In an effort to reduce harmful chemicals from entering the air, car exhaust systems must follow certain regulations. An oxygen sensor is also important. As the technology improves, cars have not been emitting as many chemicals as they once have. This has helped reduce smog and other air quality issues. Air filters that help to keep pollutants from getting inside the car must also be in working order before the car will pass inspection.

Other parts including mufflers, shocks, cold air intakes, and performance parts will also be checked. It is important to take care of your car by replacing parts that need to be replaced as soon as possible. This will save you money in the long run. You should also buy car covers if you don’t have a garage to house your car. Too much rust and your car will not pass inspection. Other auto accessories may make your car look good, but they will not help the car pass inspection.

Once your car has passed inspection, you will not have to worry about it for another year. If you need to have any other repairs made to the car, you should do so and avoid having to pay more during the inspection. A basic car inspection will cost you money, so you want to pass it without having to worry about other repairs.

Economical and affordable green automotive technology

Although hybrid cars are the rage, and there are all kinds of alternative energy sources on the horizon, hybrids are cost prohibitive, usually ranging $3000 to $7000 more than the gas only version of that model. However, instead of changing fuel sources, some automotive companies have been using a new type of transmission to improve fuel economy, lower emissions, and actually make vehicles faster without adding to the sticker price.

These companies are using a continuously variable transmission (CVT) and instead of having set gear ratios (or gears), it constantly varies the gear ratios, as well as engine performance, so that they both operate at their most efficient level in any driving scenario.

Because these key components of the power train are at their peak performance at all times, fuel economy is improved by 6-8% and carbon dioxide emissions are reduced by 10%.

Although these figures may not sound impressive, the gas savings increase the highway mileage of most vehicles by 4 to 6 mpg, which adds up pretty quickly at $3/gallon.

The CVT’s potential for reducing emissions is also significant. As Carlos Ghosn, CEO of Nissan Motor Company, said, achieving his goal of selling one million CVT equipped vehicles by the end of 2007 will have “the same effect in terms of reducing CO2 emissions as selling 200,000 hybrid electric vehicles.”

Since there is no shifting between fixed gears, there is no ‘shift shock’ or jerking sensation, which makes them exceptionally smooth to drive. CVTs also do well in hilly terrain since there is no ‘gear hunting’ or bogging down on a hill, followed by a loud, violent downshift, which also contributes to its superior acceleration.

You may be wondering why this isn’t in every car if it is so great. Well, every year, more vehicles in the American market add CVTs as an option, though it has happened quietly, as many people are leery of new technology, especially in cars.

The CVT is actually quite old although it is new to American automobiles. The concept was developed by Leonardo DaVinci and was first patented in the late 1800’s for industrial applications. The CVT has been used in Asian and European vehicles since the 1950’s, but until recently CVTs could not handle the power that American drivers demand from their cars. However, CVTs have seen widespread use in snowmobiles and Formula 500 racing where they have a reputation for extending engine life and being much easier to rebuild than either a manual or automatic step transmission.

So where can you test drive a CVT-equipped vehicle? Well you can go to dealerships selling Ford, Dodge, Audi, or Mini-Cooper, to name a few, although a Nissan dealership may be the best place to go. In order to hit their goal of one million CVT sales in 2007, they have installed CVTs in nearly every sedan in their lineup, including the best selling Altima, Maxima, and economical Versa (as a side note, Nissan has also made side curtain airbags standard in these models, improving safety and reducing insurance costs).

Although you may not have the budget for a hybrid vehicle or cannot wait for that miracle fuel to hit the market, you can take it easy on the environment, as well as your checkbook, by checking out a few cars with a CVT.

Tips for personalizing your car audio system

If you're like many people with their own car, you no doubt like to personalize certain aspects of it's interior or exterior from time to time. From after-market alloy wheels to designer seat covers, personalization is something that most car owners do at some point to stamp their personality on their car and make it their own.

One of the most popular ways to tailor your cars specification to your driving and personal style is to add or customize the in-car audio system. Whether it is a new car or one bought second hand, many people make the decision to personalize the audio components in their car to reflect their personal tastes and enhance the quality of the music experience where possible. From simply adding a CD player to completely upgrading the sound system to a DVD audio visual entertainment package, there are a variety of options for most tastes and budgets.

Whilst there are numerous retail stores both on and off line that sell vast ranges of car audio equipment, to get the best value for your money, you may want to consider purchasing wholesale car audio equipment. Many people may believe that buying car audio products wholesale requires buying in quantity, but this is not always true. Through car audio wholesale companies you are able to purchase different car audio components to allow your car audio system perform at its maximum potential.

Unless you have purchased defective parts or just simply ordered the wrong parts for your audio system model, you shouldn't have any problems. To prevent this, ensure you have the precise specifications of your existing audio system together with exact details of any add-on components you wish to fit. Following this one very simple step will ensure that you receive the components that are right and compatible for your car audio system first time.

When looking to purchase car audio equipment from wholesale suppliers, a few things you may want to check on is the warranties or guarantees that are available as well as the exchange policy. This information can save you wasted time and money if you purchase defective parts or ones that are not compatible with your car or model of audio system.

Once you have received your car audio components all you need to do is have them installed correctly into your audio system. If you have the technical expertise to fit audio components you will save money and be sure of a good job but, first ensure that you are not invalidating any warranties by customizing the system yourself. Some manufacturers require that systems are fitted professionally to maintain the standard warranties. So to get the maximum potential from your customized system it is essential that they are installed correctly.

After the components are installed check out the performance of your newly personalized audio system, if results are satisfactory, you can add the car audio wholesale dealer to your list of reliable car audio dealers for any future improvements you might make.

Shifter for mountain bike

Even mountain bikes have not been spared from the many new changes that have taken place in their construction, and the times when one did not need to worry about changing gears when using mountain bikes have long since gone, and today one is used to the many different speed bikes that also have a mountain bike shifter. From the earlier versions when the mountain bike shifter could have been nothing more than a couple of levers that were a part of the bike’s frame close to the handlebars, things have changed and today the mountain bike shifter have since undergone many a change. Today, the mountain bike shifter has been moved to the handlebar and newer version even has dials that are very nifty to look at, and which are placed close to the grip. So, even the ten speed mountain bikes are now dated as the newer bikes have as many as twenty-seven speeds, which makes one wonder what the need for so many gears really is.

The main aim in having so many gears is that the ride is not only faster but also quite simpler as well. So, today there are many different mountain bike shifters available that are also priced differently, and this essential piece of equipment is what helps riders shift gears. In the beginning, the mountain bike shifter was no more than what was then known as friction shifters and were levers which were worked by pulling cables that were connected to derailleur. The friction shifter was a bit troublesome since its design made it possible for the rider to get stuck between gears which could cause damage to the gears, which meant that a new type of shifter became necessary, and the one that was then found to be more effective was the index shifter.

The advantage to using the index shifter was that it could be calibrated as well as had fixed stopping points so that riders could change gears perfectly, and this type of mountain bike shifter remedied the faults with the friction shifter. And, the shifter can be placed at any part of the bike, so that it makes the ride smoother as well as trouble free. The need for good mountain bike shifters is underlined when one realizes that mountain bikes need to go through several gear changes which is essential to traverse difficult mountain terrains. So, there is need for higher gears for coming downhill and riding the flats, while lower gears will help when climbing difficult inclines. The ideal time to use the mountain bike shifter is when there is not much stress on the pedal, because if there is a lot of pressure on the pedal and you choose to shift gears, it could end up damaging the whole gear shifting contraptions.

So, before you buy a mountain bike makes sure that you check that it has the right type of mountain bike shifter which will ensure that your mountain biking experience is fun and easy as well.

For buying and selling used or new (second hand) bikes and motorcycles check the link http://www. bharathautomobiles. com/motorcycles-s2_0.html

Flat motorcycle tires... roll hard

Motorcycles with flat tires . . . roll hard! If your motorcycle is cruising along at 55 mph and your rear motorcycle tire suddenly deflates [has a blow out!] you now have a tremendously, dangerous challenge ahead of you. Avoiding other vehicles, controlling the steering, a swaying rear-end making everything unstable makes for a sizable victory when you roll off the side of the road and come to a stop. Congratulations, job well done! More riders than not end in an accident or something worse. All because of their motorcycle tires. Who knows your thoughts if it is the front tire to blow? You better be prayed up.

We all want a sharp looking bike. Once you select your make and model, your interest is on chrome, color, accessories, personal appearance, dress etc. but let us not forget about the importance of the rubber motorcycle tires that get us around. Frame, structure and engine all work together and hopefully are worry free for years. Motorcycle tires keep moving and we need to often watch for wear and safety.

There are two critical places that motorcycles need to be checked before each ride or at least once a month. Both are easy to do and both are many times overlooked. One area is brake fluid. If the pedal is mushy, bleed the lines or have someone else do it. Two, motorcycle tires need to be inspected. Why do we forget these?

Our safety depends on it. We trust our life to the two motorcycle tires under us that have at best two patches of rubber in contact with the ground the size of our two hands at any given moment. Move that along at 55 mph or even at 15 mph and each of the motorcycle tires is taking on a serious responsibility. The attention and care we offer towards our motorcycle tires can help us tremendously with our safety and enjoyment of biking.

Here are some areas where things can go wrong with your motorcycle tires:

- Tire Pressure: Under-inflation may cause uneven wear, loss of control [stability], wears the motorcycle tires out faster and increases the chances of the motorcycle tires failure. Over-inflation allows motorcycle tires to heat up, limit traction [although a slight 10% over-inflation may actually increase traction in wet conditions] and affects the wear. To correct these, use a good tire gauge and check the motorcycle tires when it is cool. Keep the motorcycle tires pressure at the recommended PSI.

- Fluids: Brake fluid, gas and lube spills need to be cleaned immediately. It deteriorates the rubber. Many of the cleaner protectants used on motorcycle tires harm the finish rubber. The best way to clean is to use old-fashioned soap and water.

- Bumps: Potholes, curbs and stones may slash or crack the tire. Look for any problem.

- Accelerated wear: Everyday use may be a potential hazard. Spinning motorcycle tires on take off or holding the brake on emergency stops need to be checked.

- Nails, screws etc.: It is better to find them before you ride than to discover these nuisances 20 minutes down the road. Motorcycle tires that use a tube may “pop” from a nail/screw or sharp object, where a tubeless tire may have the nail/screw actually plug the hole they created which gives you a little more time for repairs.

- Valve stems: Make sure the cap is on. It helps to protect the valve stem from leaking air and protects the stem valve from opening by centrifugal force and leaking air at higher speeds. When you use motorcycle tires with tubes, the valve stem should be straight out. If it is on a slant, the tire has been under-inflated and the tube has moved around the rim. Often this damages the tube and creates a leak.

- Tire weights: Weights need to be firmly fixed to the rim. If they fall off it will throw the tire out of balance and cause uneven wear.

- Rim: Cracked or dented rims are potential problems. You may want to replace wire spoke wheels when they become damaged with a cast or billet wheel that uses tubeless tires. Check with your dealer on this.

- Worn/torn: Thin tread is easier to detect. Flat wear is due to leaning very little and driving mostly in a straight line, resulting in a ridge at the edge of the flattened middle of the tire. This causes motorcycle tires to become unstable in a leaning turn. It wants to warble. The tire may have more wear but it should be replaced. [It is good to replace both front tire and rear tire at the same time.] Sidewall punctures, cracking, cord separation are an alert.

- Tread: Check the grooves called “sipes” making sure that the tread is still sufficient. The lack of having tread affects the cooling of the tire when in use, wear, stability, traction and can cause hydroplaning on wet roads.

When doing your inspection of motorcycle tires get a friend to roll the bike while you check the tread and sidewalls. You may need to get a work stand if alone. Obstacles to having a good inspection are long pipes, saddlebags, fenders etc. making it hard to see the rear tire. Front motorcycle tires are a bit easier to examine. This sounds like a lot but it goes quickly and is easy to do. Make it a habit to check your motorcycle tires frequently.

Some miscellaneous information you need to know. You will have better handling and get more out your motorcycles tires when you keep the rear tire aligned and balanced. Consider having this looked at approximately every1000 miles. Be careful when you have new motorcycle tires it takes the first couple of rides to get traction working well.

So! Happy riding and remember to check your motorcycle tires often.

Is a no haggle dealership for you

In 1990, General Motors capitalized on consumer's intense dislike of the auto purchasing process and introduced the Saturn. Saturns were, and are still, sold at a flat price with no dickering, dealing or haggling. Today, almost 25% of car buyers purchase vehicles from flat price, or no-haggle, dealerships. But are they truly saving money?

At no-haggle dealerships, cars are priced at a flat rate that typically includes a standard options package and a built in profit for the dealer. Additional options may be sold in flat-rate packages or a la carte. At regular dealerships, cars are displayed with a Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price but everything including options, warranty, financing and dealer profit is negotiable.

Research has shown that educated consumers pay much less for cars at regular dealerships than at no-haggle dealerships. This is because regular dealers set average profit goals over time. For example, if they sell five cars, the average profit per car should be a certain amount, say $1,000. That means of those five cars, three could sell for $1000 profit, but the dealer could make $2000 and $0 profit on the remaining two cars and still hit their goal. At a no-haggle dealership, the profit goal is fixed per car, meaning that while you will not pay $1000 more because you have poor negotiating skills, you will also not save $1000 if you have good ones.

There are certain people who historically do benefit from purchasing cars from no-haggle dealerships. Young adults, women and minorities in particular, have historically paid higher prices than other groups at regular auto dealerships and may benefit from no-haggle pricing. In fact, reacting to the trend of more and more young people turning to no-haggle dealerships for their automobile purchases, Toyota introduced the Scion in 2003. The Scion is a small car that comes with trendy options packages and is priced and marketed directly at young people who don't want to negotiate to purchase their car.

Therefore, if you are willing to do the research and confident in your negotiation skills, you will almost certainly save money at a regular dealership unless you want a Saturn or Scion. Then you'll have to pay the same price as everyone else. However, if you're timid, too busy to research or spend time making a deal, or in one of the groups that historically are offered worse deals, you may be better off at a no-haggle dealership.

Top 3 picks for hybrid cars

Hybrid cars are fast becoming more and more popular due to the rising fuel costs and the prices of hybrid cars are becoming more and more affordable. The performance of hybrid cars are also comparable to diesel/petrol cars so there’s no reason not to get it.

There are plenty of new hybrid car models introduced every year but here are my top 3 picks that offers the best performance and features for the price.

#3 Honda Civic Hybrid

The Honda Civic hybrid is not a new model and has been on the market for some time. The price retails around $20,000 and the fuel performance is 47 city mpg and 48 highway mpg.

Though it isn’t terribly fast, what I like about the honda civic hybrid is that it can carry up to 5 people. It is more functional and is suitable as a family car. It also pass the crash test rating with a good score of 5.

If you have a family and do not need to get anywhere fast, then going with a honda civic hybrid is a good buy.

#2 Honda Insight

The honda insight is a two seater hybrid car which have fuel performance of 57 city mpg and 56 highway mpg. The price is about the same as the honda civic hybrid. It is a very reliable car which I have owned for a couple of years. So far, it has not given me such problems.

There are a couple of disadvantages, firstly it is 2 seater which means it’s not a family type of car. Secondly, the horsepower isn’t that great with only 71 hp.

It is my second top pick because I like its reliability and when you compare price to performance, it is pretty good.

#1 Toyota Prius

The Toyota Prius hybrid car is my top pick because it offers the best performance for the price you get. It cost around $19,000 which is the cheapest out of the three. It has more horsepower at 110 hp and can do 60 city mpg and 51 highway mpg. It is a family sized car which can hold 5 people quite comfortably with some space left in the trunk.

It also get a 4.5 score for it’s crash test rating. For price and performance, you can’t beat the toyota prius.

How can truck bed covers help save gas and transform your truck

Truck bed covers are attachments to the pickup truck bed and serve as protection against all weathers and of course from theft. Such protection allows you to store items in the bed away from the damage of weather and from the prying eyes of thieves. Unlike truck attachments such as camper shells, bed covers do not provide additional vertical cargo space.

Bed covers are most useful when you want your truck to maintain a low profile or when you wish for your truck to have be able to move the cover for its beds easily.

Truck bed cover helps save gas! As air flows over the front end of your vehicle, it careens into the hollow bowl of your bed and produces opposite force to your truck moving direction. This could easily save several miles from your gas mileage every time you use your truck. These types of covers also provide extra gas mileage by reducing the air drag that is exacerbated by the truck bed - an aerodynamic nightmare. You could easily save about 10% on your gas with a good truck cover!

There are many types of bed covers - Strong, rigid canopy covers. These type of cover protect your transport items. Where some are detachable. Such cover is easy to install.

So who invented truck bed covers? Well, no one can really claim to because it has evolved from a number of versions that was designed for different uses. Soft covers gained popularity on major speedways. Sport truck racers used soft truck covers to improve aerodynamics and reduce drag to increase speed. Hard top truck covers rose in prominence as an alternative to the traditional camper shells. These highly-customized truck bed lids has evolved to suit the various needs of the truck drivers.

When you need to transport items ranging from groceries, to some heavy furniture, the truck cover can help. The cover shields your items from view of public, from the weather and from damage. In some instances, truck covers employ strategically-placed weather seals that can channel the moisture away from the covers. With such equipment, truck owners have a greater peace of mind when transporting items that is sensitive to such moisture. With most models currently, installation requires no drilling into the truck bed. Black is the standard color offered by most manufacturers, but many do offer a variety of other more exotic colors.

When purchasing a truck bed cover, you need to decide whether a hard cover (solid fiberglass) or a soft cover (vinyl) is the more appropriate one. The differences between the two are that the hard covers are firmly attached, they do not get blow off even at highway speeds. They are available with hinge systems to allow an easier lifting of cover to put or get the cargo. It is also secure and lockable. These hard covers weigh about 100 lbs. Hard covers are also much more expensive, durable and weatherproof than vinyl covers. The soft covers on the other hand, are easy to remove and install. They often just snap on to the truck rails and are ready to go immediately. Although they may not be as tough as the hard covers, they are still strong enough to provide protection for 1 to 2 people. If you are hauling large cargo, these covers come off easily to accommodate the extra space needed.

Videos make buying cars easier

Small business owners are using a very effective method of advertising to sell cars. They have incorporated the use of video technologies to offer automobiles for sale to the public and let them view these automobiles on their television. These automobile videos are a good way for people to see the true image of an automobile before they drive to a lot and talk to a salesperson.

Any car dealership could have thousands of automobiles on a lot at any given time. People can access some car dealerships on line, and spend the afternoon looking at each one on video tape if they so choose. The seller is always given an option of using videos to sell the car, and those that choose this option often sell their automobile quicker than someone who did not.

Several cable networks offer community bulletin boards which feature video ads to sell a variety of items. For one low fee, the average person can put their automobile up for sale and tape a video of the car while it is sitting in their driveway. These ads also provide the specifics of the sale offer on video for people throughout the local community to view at any time during the month.

While videos make buying cars easier, they can never replace the need for a person to make a personal inspection of the automobile. The videos used to sell cars will provide people with contact information so that they can arrange for an inspection of the vehicle when it is convenient for both parties. These videos can also serve to protect the public if there is a problem with the car shortly after sale. The condition of the automobile and the terms of sale are captured on video tape and can be used in court.

Some businesses organize car auctions and record videos of each automobile so that people in the back can view the automobile up close. There are usually several angles taken on video that will give a potential buyer a view of the automobile from the front, side, and rear. People truly enjoy being able to see video images of the interior of the car that include the front and backseat views.

Videos can prove very useful when they are used to sell cars, boats, and items used in water sports such as jet skis. Many car dealerships provide security on their automobile sales lot by running video cameras all night to record any type of vandalism or destruction that occurs on their property during the day, or at night. Some insurance companies give discounts on their insurance policies if video cameras are in use all of the time at a business.

Urban electric vehicles

As gas prices reach record levels and fossil fuels diminish over time, consumer demand for alternative energy technology will do nothing but increase. In fact, urban electric vehicles, while rather novel in the United States, are more common in Europe, where population densities in metropolitan areas necessitated a search for alternatives to driving full size cars long ago.

The urban electric vehicle is essentially a very small car, typically a two-door hatchback designed to hold two to four passengers (and not much else). Relying on electricity as their primary power source, these vehicles are ideal for urban dwellers who need to get from point A to point B in cities crowded with full size vehicles. They are probably especially attractive to those who live in cities with poorly developed or unreliable public transportation systems.

According to the US Department of Energy, urban electric vehicles are considered regular passenger vehicles. Most contain the normal safety features and amenities American consumers have to come to expect: airbags, safety belts, and heaters and air conditioners. Current urban electric vehicles can reach top speeds of somewhere near 60 mph, and can go nearly 12 hours before needing to be recharged. This represents a significant improvement over earlier models, and should increase the acceptability of the technology among the general public.

Both Nissan and Ford are testing urban electric vehicles and Daimler-Chrysler is in contract to bring the original urban electric vehicle, the Zap! Smart Car into the United States. Previously, Smart Cars had to be imported from other countries, especially Canada, and modified to meet U. S. safety standards. Urban electric vehicles offer a range of benefits to drivers. Urban electric vehicles produce no emissions, which means they have the potential to reduce the harmful environmental impact of other forms of personal transportation. People who live in smog-filled cities may find this benefit especially attractive.

Second, urban electric vehicles, like hybrids and other advanced energy powered cars, often qualify for state and national tax credits. Some argue these credits can make up for the additional cost related to purchasing electric or hybrid vehicles. Finally, the urban electric vehicle’s small size make it an ideal choice for commuters in crowded cities. The compact nature of the urban electric vehicle makes it easier to drive in heavy traffic, and requires much less parking space. As cities become more crowded and gas gets more expensive, urban electric vehicles may be positioned for a massive jump in popularity.

Different forms of racing

Racing has taken a number of different forms, including foot, dog, horse, airplane, boat, car, motorcycle and bicycle. The object in any form of racing is to win. Being the fastest is what makes a champion. Coming in second rarely counts.

We know from painted pottery that the foot race was a popular event with the ancient Greeks. Today there are both indoor and outdoor forms of foot racing. The most common forms of racing are sprints, hurdles and relays. Distances of the races vary. The first marathon race in modern times was organized in 1896. It was approximately 22 miles in distance. Today, the marathon is around 24 miles. The first Olympic marathon for women was held in 1928. Today, there are many different marathons, usually organized by a specific charity, such as breast cancer, within a city.

Horse racing has also been around for centuries. The ancient Romans and Egyptians had a fascination for chariot racing. It continues to this day, although it is referred to as horse and buggy racing. There is also thoroughbred racing, with a trained rider (jockey) on a saddle on the horse’s back. One of the most popular forms of horse racing in the United States is the Triple Crown, made up of three separate races in different locations: The Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes. There are also races in which the horse must jump over obstacles set up on a measured track.

Bicycle racing is an Olympic sport today. The first known race was held in Paris in 1865. There are many forms of bicycle racing today, including on and off road, mountain bike, track, BMX and cycle speedway. One of the best known races is the Tour de France. American cyclist Lance Armstrong has won this event seven times.

Automobile racing began in 1894 and has continued in various forms until the present. The races usually depend on the distance travelled in particular types of cars. There is stock car, drag, rally, off road, sports car racing, Formula One (NASCAR) and other forms of racing. While distance is a factor in racing, speed is usually still the most important factor. The fastest speed recorded at the Indianapolis 500 was achieved by Eddie Cheever in 1996 when his race car reached 236.103 miles per hour.

Motorcycle racing is an enormously popular sport, and, like automobile racing, it comes in a variety of forms, including drag, sidecar, and supercross. There is also motocross racing, an amateur level sport. WERA is the national organization for the advancement, operation and sanctioning of motorcycle road racing. WERA sponsors sprint and distance races.

The first aircraft race was held in 1909, six years after the Wright Brothers flew the first airplane. It was held in Reims, France, and covered the distance from France to England. A race from England to Australia was instituted later, with most of the entrants being commercial airliners. It was discontinued after the outbreak of World War Two. In the United States, the National and Cleveland Air Races were initiated in the 1920s. In 1929, the Women’s Air Derby was created as part of the National Air Races. Today the Red Bull Air Race World Series is held annually. It features 11 pilots who compete against time on two passes over the designated course.

Ships and boats have long been used as racing vehicles. There have been some unusual races as well. Even bathtubs have been used in racing events. Depending on the type of propulsion used, aquatic races vary in time and speed.

Ford vs chevy the debate goes on part 2

Price is always a big concern when purchasing a new or used vehicle. The cost of used vehicles really depends on the quality of the vehicle and the amount of miles on it. New vehicles are pricey, but Ford and Chevy often compete to get business. I can almost guarantee that if you tell the Ford dealer how much Chevy quoted you for a similar vehicle of theirs, they would meet or match the price. If they won't, you can go to another dealer, or ask for concessions to make the deal more attractive to you.

In many areas such as price, speed, and safety, Chevy appears to have some catching up to do. One problem they have is they always seem to be following in the footsteps of Ford rather than introducing something new to attract new customers. While the age old debate between Ford and Chevy owners will continue on, it is important to base that decision on some solid facts. Just because your grand-daddy said that Ford was the best doesn't mean that they still are. And it certainly doesn't mean that Ford is better for the particular type of vehicle you are buying.

You can find excellent information on Ford and Chevy comparisons in Consumer Reports, safety ratings, and various online resources. Make sure you look for unbiased information though or you will end up with nothing more than the opinion of the reader.

As you can well guess, most reviewers are biased in a review like this. Safety ratings, MPG ratings and other figures are good things to look at when comparing. Don't forget though, that there can be a good deal of variation from model to model and from year to year. So it's very important to compare apples to apples. Don't try to compare a 2007 Ford Explorer to a 2003 Chevy Blazer.

6 tips for saving gas

In the past months we have seen the price of gasoline soar higher than ever before, and this can be hard on people who have a budget that is tight. Even though gas prices have come down a slight bit, you still will want to do everything you possibly can to save on the money you have to pay out for gas. There are a variety of ways that you can save gas, and save money.

Tip#1 - Start Carpooling

Carpooling is a great idea for fellow students and fellow employees both. If you can find people that are going to the same place you are you can save gas by riding together. It may be a good idea to trade off on who is driving from week to week so no one person gets stuck having to drive all the time. If you have to take your children to school or other functions you can also work on trading off with your friends and neighbors to take them there.

Tip#2 - Public Transportation

If it is possible you can take public transportation to work instead of driving your car. Not only will this save you money on gas, but you will also be able to relax and not worry about having to drive through all that rush hour traffic. You may even be able to fit in a quick nap on your way to work or on your way home.

Tip#3 - Price Shop

Often it may be so convenient to buy your gas at the small gas station just up the road, but to save some money on gas you may want to check the prices at other gas stations that are nearby as well. Even if the difference is only a few cents, after putting hundreds of gallons of gas in you vehicle each year, those few cents are going to add up to quite a sum of money.

Tip#4 - Get Moving

You can save some money on gas if you start walking to where you are going, or you can ride a bike as well. You will not have to worry about paying to park your car, and the exercise will be great for you body. If you are walking or biking you will not have to worry about those huge traffic jams either.

Tip#5 - Take Care of Your Car

It is always important to take care of your car so it gets the best gas mileage possible. Also be sure to plan where you are going before you go so you will not have to backtrack and waste gas. If you can, you should use your air conditioning as little as possible because using it takes more gas. Roll down your windows and you will use less gas.

Tip#6 - Check your Tires

It is important that you check the air pressure in your tires as often as possible. If your tires are too low, or the pressure in them is unequal it can make your car burn more gas. You should also be careful how you drive. If you take off from every red light very fast you are going to burn more fuel, so it is best to take off a little slower.

These are a few tips that can help the money conscious person to save money on gas. Even as gas prices drop, these tips can still help you to save more money. Conservation is important, so take advantage of these tips, save money, and save gas.

Getting the best teen car insurance rates 3 tips to help save money

Adding a teen driver to your auto policy can be a painful experience. One, you don't want to let them drive your brand new car and two, your rate is about to double or triple. Yes, I did say triple. Especially with a new car. The newer your cars are the higher the rate increase.

Here are some tips to help you avoid this financial headache.

Do your kids have to have a brand new car?

This one surprises me all the time. Parents complain about how much insurance costs for a teen driver and then I ask them what kind of car they are looking at and it's a brand new 2006 or maybe even a 2007 model. You say it's loaded with all these new safety controls and has 12 airbags. Those safety features will protect you but they also cost a lot to fix and replace so that's why the insurance is high. Cars are easy to replace, people are not.

There are many reliable late model cars out there that are just as safe as the brand new models and will cost less to insure. If your teen wants a newer model to look cool, tell them to start working for it.

Another benefit to having a late model car is you can choose not to put comprehensive and collision coverage on it. This will drastically reduce the cost of your premiums. Keep that in mind when shopping for a car.

Make sure you get all the discounts your teen driver is eligible for.

A 'B' or better average will usually qualify them for a Good Student Discount. Have your teen take a driver's training course. These two discounts can take a nice chunk off the insurance. And they also encourage safe and responsible driving. Make sure you remind them that driving is a privilege not a right.

Two other discounts you may be eligible for are for when they go away to college or overseas to study abroad. Both of them give you a discount for limiting your teen's access to your cars. The logic is they don't have access to your vehicles so they should not affect your premium. You have to make your insurance company aware of these situations when they arise. Most companies are not going to be proactive about lowering your rates if they can help it. It's up to you to make sure you get all the discounts you and your teen are eligible for.

Most states allow teens to have a permit. Use that to your advantage.

This one is a little sneaky but when you can save a few hundred dollars every 6 months every little bit helps. When your teen has a learner's permit most insurance companies do not charge you for this. Only when they get their actual driver's license do your rates go through the roof. The idea is to keep them with their permit for as long as possible. Understand that with a permit there are restrictions such as driving supervised and not driving at night. So as long as you don't mind supervising your teen as they gain more experience by all means go ahead.

And once they do get their actual license you have to let the insurance company know about it or risk a claim they cause being denied.

Insuring a teen driver is expensive no matter how you slice it. Follow these tips and you can start getting the best teen car insurance rates available.

2006 subaru b9 tribeca ugly or not

: Okay, Subaru fans…listen up! Do you think that the all new B9 Tribeca is a beautiful vehicle or is it an ugly duckling? As for me, I have mixed feelings. This particular SUV certainly doesn’t look like any other Subaru, nor does it easily get confused with any other SUV on the market. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder; let’s take a look at what sets the B9 Tribeca apart from the pack. The first time I saw Subaru’s new entry up close I first thought it was Porsche’s Cayenne. No, the vehicles don’t look alike, but the B9 Tribeca evoked a similar response for me: like the Cayenne, it represents a major departure from all other models. For example, the B9 Tribeca offers the following:
  • 5 or 7 passenger seating. This is the first Subaru built that will seat more than five adults.
  • Big prices: The B9’s base price starts at about $32K.
  • Side curtain airbags for front seating passengers and second seating passengers [except for the person stuck in the middle seat]
  • All wheel drive, but you knew that already.
  • A plush interior. Subaru says that leather trimmed upholstery is available as are heated seats, rear cabin air conditioning, and a sliding glass moon roof. The B9 is built on a stretched Outback platform and at 66.4 inches it is the tallest vehicle made be Subaru. Oddly, it shares the same 3.0L V6 engine as the Outback, so one can only wonder how hard it will work with 7 passengers onboard navigating steep hills and rounding corners? I searched far and wide for the reason behind the name B9 Tribeca and found nothing definitive. One auto critic contended that the B9 part of the name came from a previous concept car that was shown by Subaru at car shows, while two reports say that the Tribeca part of the name is from the area of New York City that is the TRIangle BEneath CAnal Street neighborhood of Manhattan. Other than the vehicle being built in Indiana, there isn’t any relevancy in the name. One may think that the B9 portion of the name will prove to be more of a nuisance to remember as consumers have a difficult enough time remembering some two syllable model names, let alone two words. Personally, I think the idea of building a larger Subaru is wise, especially since Subaru owners previously had no where to go beyond the current crop of compact SUVS and cars in their line up. Beyond that I believe the controversial looks and small engine will disappoint buyers and it may take new sheet metal and a beefier engine to stimulate sales.
  • Rc nitro monster trucks

    RC nitro monster trucks may very well be the fastest growing segment in the world of RC vehicles. The reason for the surge in popularity probably stems from the fact that RC nitro monster trucks have steadily improving in performance over the years. In fact, the latest models can actually outperform many RC cars.

    RC nitro monster trucks can be bought either ready to run or in a kit that allows you to actually build it yourself. Both types are quality vehicles, built for strength and durability.

    In fact, RC nitro monster trucks can handle an amazing amount of hard driving and even though they appear top-heavy and ready to roll over at any moment, the truth is that they rarely do roll over. This is because the wheels of RC nitro monster trucks are designed to provide a low center of gravity.

    For many people, the appeal of RC nitro monster trucks is that they mirror the abilities of their real-life counterparts. The enjoyment of watching monster trucks comes from watching them ride roughshod over any kind of surface, including other vehicles. Well, RC nitro monster trucks can be let loose on the kinds of terrain that would leave other RC vehicles spinning their wheels. And, yes, if you ever get the opportunity, you can drive your RC nitro monster trucks right over your friends’ little RC cars.

    Although you might think that all RC nitro monster trucks are 4-wheel drive, you’d be mistaken. There are 2-wheel drive RC nitro monster trucks available, and even some that give you the option of switching back and forth. Just as in real life, the 4-wheel drive model allows for driving over areas that are rougher or steeper than the 2-wheel drive model could handle.

    So why would anyone want 2-wheel drive RC nitro monster trucks then? Well, while the 4-wheel drive allows for more flexibility in where you can take it, the transmission system is also more sophisticated. Since engine maintenance is routinely required to keep any RC nitro vehicle running in peak condition, expect to spend more time and effort with a 4-wheel drive transmission.

    But this drawback shouldn’t be a deciding factor when choosing from among the various models of RC nitro monster trucks. Engine fine-tuning has never been easier for nitro RC vehicles. A bigger concern will probably be price. RC nitro monster trucks may have gotten their name from their appearance, but they could just as easily have earned it from the size of their prices.

    Here’s the skinny: don’t expect to purchase one of these babies for less than $300. And, frankly, only expect that price from an older brother looking to sell his RC vehicle so he can raise money to buy a real vehicle. Seriously though, although unexpected bargains have been lucked into on eBay or by someone listing one for sale on a message board, brand new RC nitro monster trucks typically list for well over $400.

    Toyota modified valve body

    As many Toyota and Jeep owners know, the AW4 / Toyota 340, A340, and A341E series of transmissions are generally very well made and demonstrate excellent durability in unmodified applications. The framework is present for an extremely strong transmission that is to be used in a high performance or extreme duty application.

    The problem is that the original calibration is engineered for driver comfort rather than ultimate component strength. The soft, sliding shifts that are part of the original design are not appropriate for increased horsepower applications, towing, off road use, racing, etc.

    These calibration inadequacies quickly manifest themselves as extremely poor shift quality, and more often than not, severe damage to the gearbox is soon to follow. One of the most common symptoms of this is the engine stuttering or hitting the rev limiter during a full throttle upshift.

    Without going into too much technical detail, the factory shortcomings can be addressed through modification and recalibration of the control valve assembly, a. k.a. the valve body.

    The valve body is a component that is comprised of valves, solenoids, an orifice separator plate and an intricate series of passages - it is the most complex component in the most complex part of your vehicle - the automatic transmission.

    The function of the valve body is to act as the "brain" of the automatic transmission - it directs hydraulic pressure to the appropriate clutches and bands at the right time to initiate upshifts, down shifts, selection of reverse, converter clutch application, etc. As well as controlling shift timing and shift quality, it is also responsible for directing hydraulic pressure to the cooler and the lubrication circuit.

    As you can imagine, the transmission's operational characteristics can be drastically altered and also customized to the given application through modifications to this component.

    Because there are no commercially available shift kits for these transmissions, we began working on valve body modifications that were appropriate for Supras, Jeeps with the AW4 transmission, Toyota Tundra, Tacoma and 4Runner, and also Lexus SUV's and rear drive passenger cars - especially those that needed to handle the additional power that accompanies the installation of a supercharger, turbo or nitrous oxide injection.

    At the risk of oversimplification, there are a few things that are done in concert to create much more favorable operation of the gearbox.

    The first thing that needs to be done is to increase the hydraulic operating pressure of the transmission - this pressure is known as "line pressure". All hydraulic functions of the transmission are based on this pressure - what is especially of concern for these purposes is the clamping force which is applied to the clutches and bands to get them to hold against engine torque.

    In simple terms, increased engine output is complemented by increased line pressure and increased "clamp" on the clutches - this can be likened to a performance clutch with a heavier pressure plate spring in a manual transmission equipped vehicle.

    The idea is to raise this pressure only slightly at light throttle but increase it by 30-40% at full throttle - where it is really needed. The effects of this are shifts that are not overly uncomfortable at lower throttle openings, while at heavier throttle, firm shifts with much shorter clutch application time and increased clamping force can be achieved.

    An additional benefit of this is increased flow through the transmission's cooler and lube system.

    Secondly, hydraulic pressure is normally routed through an orifice in a metal "separator plate" that resides between the two halves of the valve body before it gets to its intended destination. By altering these orifices, we can increase the volume of hydraulic oil that is used to apply the various clutches and bands.

    The final part of modification is the alteration of the accumulator circuits. These are hydraulic circuits that are parallel to the components that are used for shifting. Their function is to absorb or "accumulate" some of the hydraulic pressure that is intended to apply a clutch pack or band. By limiting the action of what is essentially a "shock absorber" for each shift, we are able to further reduce clutch lock up time and shift lag at wide open throttle.

    The end result is that shift time is reduced by 30 to 80%, depending on the amount of acceptable shift feel and the intended application. The clamping force that is required to apply the clutches and bands is increased by 30 to 40% at full throttle. Flow through the cooler and lube circuit is increased and the converter clutch application time is also reduced.

    Transmission and valve body upgrades are not only for American made vehicles anymore. Increased performance and more efficient shifting is now available for vehicles of almost every manufacturer thanks to the few companies that are willing to do the research and development work required for this rapidly growing segment of the automotive aftermarket.

    The chevrolet tahoe

    The Chevrolet Tahoe is a full size utility vehicle from General Motors. Chevrolet Tahoe in 1994 introduced Blazer brand a mid sized four door version and renamed full size Blazer as Tahoe. Tahoe serves as a full size SUVs of General Motors. It has a wide wheelbase that gives it a sturdy look. It is popular in rural areas and has been considered as police car, a logical option to Ford Crown Victoria in North America. The Chevrolet Tahoe has been considered a long distance vehicle and hence has been successful in the US market.

    Following the general trend amongst car manufacturers, there is range of accessories relating to the Chevrolet Tahoe. One of the prominent ones is the range of key chains this brand has to offer to customers. The key chain has been a logical promotional item for Chevrolet Tahoe. The care is taken to meet all the features of the brand to avoid any dilution. They are trendy and have a classic look. The key chain is normally a gift item given to proud owners of Chevrolet Tahoe. Chevy Tahoe keychains are mostly seen with the police in US.

    Chevrolet key chains are associated with a catchy name i. e. “Chevy”. Chevry Tahoe key chains come in various shapes and sizes manufactured using metal and leather. The key chains have very elegant looks which anyone would love to possess. Care has been taken to manufacture it with high quality material that symbolizes the Chevrolet brand. Due to such care company can boast of life time warranty against any material or workmanship damage. With such confidence it’s better to have the original product. Sometimes it becomes difficult to make out the original stuff. However, you can only realize that when the key chain begins deteriorating. Normally direct & authorized dealers are the most logical and safest place to get your key chains from.

    Some prominent varieties in Chevrolet Tahoe key chains are:

    1) Chevy Tahoe Teardrop keychain: Shape is very unique like a tear drop. The shape provides the elegant and classic look

    2) Chevy Tahoe Chrome circle keychain: It has a chrome plating with “Tahoe” name mentioned in centre.

    3) Chevy Tahoe steering wheel keychain: It is shaped like a steering wheel. It is also chrome plated with the logo of Chevrolet along with brand name of “Tahoe” in centre.

    4) Chevy Tahoe valet keychain: It has two rings to it with body in between. The body carries the logo of Chevrolet and brand name “Tahoe”

    5) Chevy Tahoe leather silver key chain: This key chain has high quality leather with a pendant type round hanging to leather. The key chain provides a good contrast.

    6) Chevy Tahoe metal oval keychain: It has a very classy oval shape which provides a different look to key chain.

    7) Chevy leather gold keychain: It is same as leather silver key chain except that the chain is of golden color.

    The keychains are not only beautiful but they also let you add that personal touch to it. You could have your name or anything else engraved on these beautiful key chains.

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